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McLeod, Donald / History of Wiskonsan, from its first discovery to the present period, including a geological and topographical description of the territory with a correct catalogue of all its plants

Chapter XV,   pp. 254-275 PDF (3.6 MB)

Page 274

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containing eight hundred and fifty-five square miles, or
five hundred and fifty-seven thousand two hundred
square acres. It was set of from Crawford county in
1839. Its population in 1840, was one hundred and
two, and in 1842, three hundred and three; and is
rapidly improving.
  This interesting county consists chiefly of prairie
and oak openings. It is considered equal in fertility of
soil. and offers as great inducements to farmers, as any
district in the territory. The principal village is Sauk.
It is pleasantly situated between the pineries and min-
ing tracts, on the north bank of the Wiskonsan, twenty-
five miles northwest of Madison. The village is sur-
rounded by high bluffs, composed of different grades
of marble, covered with timber, sufficient to supply the
inhabitants with fuel for several vears. Sauk prairie,
on the margin of which the town is located, is fif een
miles long by seven wide. Around the village the
prairie is laid out into beautiful farming blocks. From
the large quantities of pine lumber removed from the
pincies on the upper Wiskonsan, this place carries on
a brisk and profitable trade. by supplying the surround-
ing country and southern states bordering on the
Mississippi, with boards, planks, and other building
materials. The river is naviagable for steam boats
twenty miles above the village, although it is frequent-
ly interrupted by shifting sand bars. Emigrants, before
purchasing or settling, would do well to visit this
county. It offers as good locations for prairie and oak
opening farmers, as any other district in the territory.
The greater part remains to be taken up, at the usual
government prices.

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