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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
(1880)

Butterfield, C. W.
II.--The indian tribes of Wisconsin,   pp. 21-29 PDF (4.5 MB)


Page 28


HISTORY OF WISCONSIN.
  two years he had baptized "sixty children and some adults." The
Foxes, at the summons of De
  la Barre, in 1684, sent warriors against the Five Nations. They also took
part in Denonville's
  more serioug campaign; but soon after became hostile to the French. As
early as 169.3, they
  had plundered several on their way to trade with the Sioux, alleging that
they were carrying arms,
  and ammunition to their ancient enemies-frequently causing them to make
portages to the
  southward in crossing from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi. Afterward
they became recon-
  ciled to the French; but the reconciliation was of short duration. In 1712,
Fort Detroit, then
  defended by only a handful of men, was attacked by them in conjunction
with the Mascou.
  tens and Kickapoos. However, in the end, by calling in friendly Indians,
the garrison not only
  protected themselves but were enabled to act on the offensive, destroying
the greater part of the
  besieging force..
     The nation continued their ill will to the French. The consequence was
that their territory
 in 1716 had been invaded and they were reduced to sue for peace. But their
friendship was not
 of long continuance. In 17 18, the Foxes numbered five hundred men and "abounded
in women
 and children." They are spoken of at that date as being very industrious,
raising large quantities
 of Indian corn. I In 1728, another expedition was sent against them by the
French. Meanwhile
 the Menomonees had also become hostile; so, too, the Sacs, who were now
the allies of the
 Foxes. The result of the enterprise was, an attack upon and the defeat of
a. number of
 M enomonees; the burning of-the wigwams of the Winnebagos (after passing
the desertbd village
 of the Sacs upon the Fox river), that tribe, also, at this date being hostile
; and the destruction
 of the fields of the Foxes. They were again attacked in their own country
by the French, in
 i 3o, and defeated. In 1734, both the SacsĂ˝ and Foxes came in conflict
with the same foe; but
 this time the French were not as successful as on previous expeditions.
In 1736, the Sacs and
 Foxes were "connected with the government of Canada;" but it is
certain they were far from
 being friendly to the French.
     The conflict between France and Great Britain commencing in 1754, found
the Sacs and
 Foxes allied with the former power, against the English, although not long
previous to this time
 they were the bitter enemies of the French. At the close of that con'test
so disastrous to the
 interests of France in North America, these tribes readily gave in their
adhesion to the con-
 querors, asking that English traders might*be sent them. The two nations,
then about equally
 divided, numbered, in 1761,_about seven hundred warriors. Neither of the
tribes took part in
 Pontiac's war, but they befriended the English. The Sacs had migrated farther
to the west-
 ward; but the Foxes-at least a portion of them-still remained upon the waters
of the river of
 Green bay, which perpetuates their name. A few years later, however, and
the former were
 occupants of the upper Wisconsin; also, to a considerable distance below
the portage, where
 their chief town was located. Further down the same stream was the upper
village of the
 Foxes, while their lower one was situated.near its mouth at the site of
the present city of Prairie,
 du Chien. At this date, 1766, the northern portion of what is now Wisconsin,
including all that
 part watered by the streams flowing north into Lake Superior, was the home
of the Chippewas.
 The country around nearly the whole of Green bay was the hunting ground
of the Menomonees.
 The territory of Winnebago lake and Fox river was the seat of the Winnebagoes.
The region
 of the Wisconsin river was the dwelling place of the Sacs and Foxes.
     During the war of the Revolution, the Sacs and Foxes continued the firm
friends of the
English. At the commuencement of the nineteenth century, only a small part
of their territory
was included in what is now Wisconsin, and that was in the extreme southwest.
In 1804, they
ceded this to the United States; so that they no longer were owners of any
lands within this
State. From that date, therefore, these allied tribes can not be considered
as belonging to the
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