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Hibbard, Benjamin Horace, 1870-1955 / The history of agriculture in Dane County, Wisconsin
(1904)

Chapter IV: The dairy industry,   pp. 176-184 PDF (1.8 MB)


Page 179


    HIBBARD-HISTORY OF AGiRICULTUBE IN DANE COUNTY. 179
hilly region sees a larger profit in making cheese, and the farmer
in the better corn district refuses to patronize a cheese factory at
all, and sends his milk to a butter factory. That this is not a
fanciful statement of the case may be seen in the following table
made from the assessors' returns for I894.
     iDAIRY TOWNS.
Blue Mounds .................
Vermont ...................
Perry ........................
Primrose ......................
    Total..      ........
  MIXED FARMING TOWNS.
Springfield................
Bristol ...... . ................
Fitchburg......        .
Rutland...    ...  ...
Total ....................
No. of
hogs.
957
406
987
3,088
1,275
1,229
1,510
1,121
. 5,145
No. of
COWS.
1, 509
1,299
2,740
895
6, 443
762-
1,116
802
952
3,6392
Bu. of
corn.
43,400
24,200
25,700
57,000
150,300
96,500
108, 600
82,973
136,700
424,773
Lbs. of
butter.
166,5W
W0,800
18,000
  8,000
. 2,800
49,000
148,000
39, 000
131,000
Lbs. of
cbeese.
260,000
  62, t0w
  400, 000*
  346,900
1,069.700
...........
............
   4, W0
............
367, 00i- 4,500
  In these representative towns we find that in the dairy group
there are not half as many hogs as cows; in the other group there
are forty per cent. more. In the dairy group there is a third as
much corn as in the other, and the amount of butter is less than
two-thirds that of the mixed farming group, while in the relative
amounts of cheese made there is no comparison. The conclusion
is that growing hogs and corn is, other things being equal, in the
estimation of the farmer, the more profitable industry; but where
corn cannot advantageously be raised the number of hogs will
be small, and milk not being needed for feed, cheese will crowd
butter making out. This analysis would seem to hold good in
explaining why Wisconsin is a cheese-making state and almost
no cheese is made in Iowa, which ranks high in butter produc-
tion; but allowance would also need to be made for the more
favorable climate for cheese making in Wisconsin. And in gen-
eral it would be necessary to take the three factors, climatic, social,
economic, into consideration before making dogmatic statements
Tbis Item was wanting, but the estimate Is certainly a low one.
_


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