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Farm labor news

Farm labor news. July, 1945,   pp. [1]-6 PDF (2.1 MB)

Page 2

Page 2
      A total of 3,060 foreign workers, 1214 Mexican Nationals,
and 1866 Jamaicans are now employed on farms cultivating and
harvesting special crops.
      In addition to these there are about 6,000 German war
prisoners employed in the processing plants. Most of the
field work is done by Jamaicans. The in-plant work is done
by POW's wherever they are needed.
      The_.is4_f POW's depends entirely upon the help shortage
in local areas. In no case are they brought in before a
campaign for help was conducted in the counties. When local
help for the canning plants failed to materialize, the need
was sunnlied from the prison camns.
      These prisoners of war are distributed among 300 different contractors
in more than one-half of the counties of the stnte. About 300 are working
for vegetable growers, weeding onions, carrots, and beets; 165 are working
on the cranberry bogs near Wisconsin Rapids; 120 are in Door county orchards,
and 30 are working in a poultry plant in the Lake Geneva area.
      Many requests have come in from individual farmers for POW help with
haying. They are sent to the farms whenever they can be released from the
canneries for short periods of time.
                     More Equipment Used Than Last Year
      . -h
      The army is experiencing some difficulty in meeting
requests for equipment, says J. A. James of the College of
Agriculture who is handling all requests and transfers of
equipment for labor camps.
   He suggests that itransfers from one grower to another
made as promptly as possible so that all equipment may be
c ont iuous.. use.
      While last year more than 28,000 pieces of equipment were
furnished to labor camps through the Extension Serv'ice, the
number of pieces furnished to date has added up to more than
40,000. Virtually all of this equipment has been shipped
by truck from Fort Sheridian, Illinois. Only two or three
consignments were processed from Camp McCoy and Truax Field.
      In 1944 about 60 orders were furnished to camps in the state but the
number so far this year is already well over a hundred.
      Agricultural Extension Service secures army equipment for all labor
of Jamaicans, Mexicans, and some youth camps. Requests come through the
county agent's office but the contract is made between the user and the
Extension offic .
      After the labor camps break up in the fall all equipment must be cleaned
and returned to the army.
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