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University of Wisconsin. College of Agriculture. Dept. of Agricultural Economics / Cooperation principles and practices: the application of cooperation to the assembling, processing and marketing of farm products, to the purchase of farm supplies and consumers' goods and to credit and insurance

VI. Cooperation in Denmark,   pp. 48-59 PDF (3.5 MB)

Page 48

    THE DANISH FARMER is cooperatively minded. He
    T     not only sells his farm produce cooperatively but he
          buys much of his farm supplies and household needs
    in the same manner. The outstanding success which the
    Danes have had in placing their butter, bacon and eggs on
    the highly competitive markets of the world is testimony of
    the soundness of the cooperative business methods which
    have been followed. The spirit of cooperation is promoted by
    the Danish folk schools which are a strong educational force
    throughout the country. Scientific methods together with
    good organization in agriculture have been fostered by farm-
    ers so that a high degree of standardization as well as effi-
    ciency in the production and marketing of dairy products,
    bacon and eggs has been achieved.
    DENMARK has been an agricultural country since early days. Even in
the Viking period the Dane was a farmer. Here is an old civilization whose
people have wrestled with the soil for centuries. Industrial development
been restricted by absence of coal, Iron and other mineral resources.
    One hundred years ago Denmark was a country devastated by war and
handicapped by her unscientific agricultural production. The big banks and
business houses of Copenhagen were bankrupt in 1818. Agriculture had fallen
to a low ebb. The lack of improved methods in agriculture because of the
of human interest, and the time-worn custom of grain production virtually
exhausted the soil. Farming was unprofitable and national prosperity was
   Fortunately, at this point Denmark took stock of her social and economic
problems. She set herself to regenerate her land and her people.
    Rising from a depressed state of peasant agriculture, a condition of
poverty and chaos that threatened the national welfare and prosperity, Den-
mark today stands as one of the foremost agricultural nations of the world.
    Today Denmark is a country of landowning farmers. While there are about
205,000 farmers in Denmark, the middle-sed family type farms which num-
ber nearly 100,000 range in size from 25 to 148 acres, and constitute about
of the total agricultural area. The average is 85 to 50 acres per farm. Large
sized farms are continually decreasing in number while small farms are
Increasing both in number and as.e

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