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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XXIX ([covers January 1950/December 1950])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XXIX, no. 10,   pp. [1]-4 PDF (2.0 MB)


Page 4


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Wisconsin Farm Prices
Wisconsin average farm prices re-
ceived by producers on September 15
were 265 percent of the 1910-14 aver-
age compared with 261 percent for
August and 263 percent for Septem-
ber 1949. In the past this index for
September has been above August 33
times, lower 4 times, and the same
:i times. The advance this year of less
than 2 percent was a much smaller
than usual seasonal increase.
No matter how one looks at the
rapid advance in other wholesale and
retail prices that has taken place
since the Korean War, it is difficult to
find where there has been much effect
on returns to Wisconsin farmers up
to now. This is particularly more
noticeable since expected returns to
farmers in September for milk were
5 percent below September last year.
Poultry and egg farm prices also
were 20 percent below last !eptem-
her. On the other hand farm costs
were 5 percent higher than     last
September and the exchange purchas-
ing value of the farm dollar was 4
percent under the figure for last
September.
Livestock prices in Wisconsin
passed their peak for 1950 and are
now started downward following the
fall marketing period. The decline to
mid-September was small, however,
and livestock prices are expected to
continue above last year's levels for
the remainder of the year because of
stronger consumer demand. Since
Maly returns to farmers for meat ani-
mals have been substantially higher
than corresponding months of 1949
and this September they were 18 per-
cent above last September. Highest
increase was in beef cattle prices up
:t0 percent, lowest increase was 8 per-
cent for hogs with gains of 20 per-
cent. for veal and 17 percent for
lambs.
Farm Wage Rates Higher
Wages paid to hired workers on
Wisconsin farnms this fall are averag-
ing 2 percent above a year ago. Octo-
ber rates still are 8 percent below the
all-time high for the month reported
in 1948. Farm wages began a decline
in the winter of 1948 which continued
until the spring of this year.
According to October 1 reports
from Wisconsin farmers, hired work-
ers averaged $103 per month with
board and room and $130 per month
with a house furnished. These rates
average $1.00 a month more than a
year ago. Farm workers paid by the
day receive $5.20 with board and
room, $6.30 without board or room,
and on a hourly basis the pay aver-
ages 82 cents. These rates are all
slightly higher than a year ago.
Pheasant Survey
Wisconsin's pheasant population is
estimated to be a little larger this
year, according to the annual survey
made by the Wisconsin Crop Report-
ing Service in cooperation with the
Game Management Division of the
Wisconsin Department of Conser-
vation.
According to the farmers report-
ing, there appears to have been some
geographic changes from last year in
the density of the pheasant popula-
tion. Farmers in some localities re-
port considerably fewer pheasants
this year while in other localities the
population shows a substantial in-
crease. Considering the state as a
whole, the distribution of the pheas-
ants is relatively the same as in other
years. About one-eighth of the pheas-
ants are in the northern third of the
state, three-eights in the central third,
and half of the birds are in the south-
ern counties. While the number of
pheasants is the largest estimated in
several years it is below the esti-
mates for 1944 and some earlier
years.
Questioned as to the damage done
by pheasants, farmers in the north
report very little, somewhat greater
damage is indicated by farmers in
the central counties, and the most
damnage is reported by farmers in the
southern counties. Reporting on the
question of whether pheasants do
more good than harm, over half of
the farmers felt that the birds did
more good than harm. This was a
larger percentage than gave a favor-
able opinion last year. Of the other
half of the farmers smnswerirg the
question, only a few felt that pheas-
ants wvere actually harmful. A num-
ber of farmers were undecided on the
question and expressed no opinion.
More Timothy and Red Clover But
Less Alfalfa Seed This Year
Tame hay production in Wisconsin
and for the nation has been good this
year and farmers have left larger
acreages of some hay crops to be har-
vested for seed than last year. Red
clover and timothy seed production in
Wisconsin as well as for the nation is
well above last year. Alfalfa seed
production is smaller for both the
state and the nation this year.
Wisconsin farmers harvested 7,000
acres of timothy for seed this year
and the production was 21,000 bushels
of thresher-run seed. Total production
of timothy seed for the nation is
estimated at 1 14 million bushels of
thresher-run seed. Total supplies of
clean seed now are 56 percent larger
than the supplies a year ago but one-
third less than average.
Red clover seed production in Wis-
consin is very uneven this year but
it is estimated at 130,000 bushels
compared with 71,000 bushels of
thresher-run seed harvested last year.
With the fourth largest acreage har-
vested for seed on record, the nation's
red clover seed crop this year is ex-
pected to exceed the 1946 record pro-
duction. The crop this year is esti-
mated at 2,305,000 bushels of thresher-
run seed. Current supplies of red
clover seed including production this
year and carry-over are about 1211'
million pounds of clean seed, These
supplies are 48 percent larger than
last year and 18 percent above
average.
Alfalfa seed production on Wiscon-
sin farms this year is estimated at
only 15,400 bushels of thresher-run
seed, which is about 60 percent below
last year's crop and 42 percent below
average. For the nation, the alfalfa
seed crop is expected to be 1,897,300
bushels of thresher-run seed, which is
3 percent below the 1949 crop but
well above average. Current supplies
of alfalfa seed in the nation are 104,-
296,000 pounds of clean seed. Theso
supplies are 5 percent larger than
last year.
I NITflr STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF AGRICU LTURAL. ECONOMICS
OFFICIAL BUSINESS
RETURN AFTER FIVE AII -S TO
AGRICULTURAL STATISTICIAN
BOX .351
MADISON, WISCONSIN
ForiI 3AEi-A/ Ii -6,:312  1',Prniiit 10111
PENALTV FOR PRIVATE USE TO AVOID
PAYMENT OF POSTAGE, 8300
LzGISLATIVE REFLRENCE LIBRARY,
STATE CAPITOL,
NCR            MADISON, WIS.
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WISCONSIN DAIRYING
neofhav 1 Q0i1


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