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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XXIX ([covers January 1950/December 1950])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XXIX, no. 9,   pp. [1]-4 PDF (2.0 MB)


Page 4


WISCONSIN CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORTER
SeDtember I n
farmn prices in August last year com-
pared with 39 percent above this Au-
gust.
This strength in livestock and meat
animial prices contrasts sharply with
the trend in prices for other farm
commodities. Poultry and egg prices
for instance are about as much below
last year's levels as meat animals are
above last year's levels. Returns for
milk delivered in August this year are
expected to be nearly 2 percent below
August deliveries last year despite a
somewhat above normal seasonal ad-
vance in milk prices in both July and
August this year. Prices for fruit and
some truck and canning crops also
were below last year's levels during
August. The trends in crop and feed
prices are mixed and will be influenced
by the success of this year's corn
crop.
United States Farm Prices
Sharply higher prices for cotton
and cottonseed together with higher
prices for dairy and poultry products
raised the index of prices received by
farmers four points during August.
At 267 percent of its January 1910-
December 1914 average, the index was
1.5 percent above a month ago and
9.4 percent above a year ago and the
highest since November 1948 when it
was at the same level. However, the
all crop index at 239 was 14 points
higher than in November 1948 and
the livestock and livestock products
index at 292 was 14 points lower.
Record Potato Yield
Wisconsin's prospective p o t a t o
yields are the largest on record, and
the state's crop this year is expected
to be nearly 8 percent larger than the
one harvested last year although the
acreage is about 6 percent smaller.
Weather conditions during August
were favorable to the potato crop.
and an average yield of 195 bushels
per acre was indicated for the state
on September 1. Reports at that date,
however, pointed out that the crop
had been planted late this year and
xvas in more than the usual danger
from frost damage. If indicated yields
become final, they will average 25
bushels above last year and 100 bush-
els above the 1939-48 average.
The state's prospective potato crop
this year is estimated at over 141/2
million bushels or more than a mil-
lion bushels above the crop harvested
last year. Potato production in Wis-
consin this year is expected to be
about 13 percent above average. With
75,000 acres of potatoes this year, the
acreage is 5,000 less than harvested
in 1949.
For the surplus late states of which
Wisconsin is a part, a crop of over
300/2 million bushels was indicated
on September 1. This is 10 million
bushels more than the crop of last
year and 20 million bushels above
average. Potato production for the
nation as a whole on September 1
was forecast at about 42014 million
bushels, which is 5 percent above the
crop harvested last year and 4 percent
more than average. Excellent growing
conditions prevailed throughout most
of the producing areas in August and
added to the prospective yields.
Record Turkey Crop
Turkey production in Wisconsin this
year is expected to be one-fifth larger
than the crop produced last year and
the largest crop on record. About
721,000 turkeys are being raised in
the state this year, which is 115,000
more than the 1949 crop. This is the
second year of increased production
following the relatively small crop of
1948.
The nation's turkey crop is esti-
mated at 44,550,000 birds and is also
a record crop. Turkey production this
year is 6 percent above last year and
1 percent above the previous record
production of 1945. At the beginning
of the year growers expected to raise
about the same number of turkeys
as they did in 1949. However, with
an abundance of cheap poults, slightly
lower feed prices during the hatching
season, and a firmness in the market,
growers decided to increase their tur-
key production in 1950.
Demand for turkey meat has been
good this year despite the largest
potential supply on hand as of the be-
ginning of August. Reports f r o m
growers in August indicated that thev
intended to market their birds early
this year. However, these intentions
may change depending on marketing
developments. In August Wisconsin
growers received an average farm
price of 35 cents per pound for tur-
keys. This was 3 cents more than in
July but 2 cents below the August
1949 average price.
Cranberry Production
Cranberry production in Wisconsin
this year is expected to be 202,000
barrels. If the present estimate mate-
rializes, the 1950 crop will be 1 per-
cent larger than the crop harvested
last year and 58 percent above aver-
age. The crop is in more than the
usual danger of frost damage this
year. Sunny weather the first half of
August was beneficial to cranberry
production in the state, but the cool
weather the last half of the month
and in early September caused a de-
cline in production prospects.
September estimates indicated that
the nation's cranberry crop will total
941,000 barrels-a decline of 28,000
barrels from the August 15 estimate.
It is expected that the crop will be
12 percent above last year and 32 per-
cent above the 1939-48 average. Every
state has a larger crop than last year
and average except Washington,
which is above average but 5 percent
below last year.
Cranberry Production
(ThousandlBarrels)
Sept. 1,            10-year
State   1950   1949   1948  average
forecast             1939-48
Massachusetts 600  520  605    465.6
Wisconsin  202   200    238    127.8
New Jersey...  85  67   69      77.5
Washington -  38  40     42.4  32.3
Oregon - l  16    13.4   13.3   11.4
S States. --  941  840.4  967.7  714.6
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BUREAU OF AGRICULTURE ECONOMICS
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