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Galpin, Charles J.; Cox, Alonzo B. (ed.) / Rural, social and economic problems of the United States
Bulletin No. 3 (June 1919)

The Corn Belt,   pp. 10-12 PDF (898.5 KB)

Page 11

No. 111-11
roads is the most important problem." "The problem of securing
good roads." "If only one thing could be done, I would say with-
out hesitation, 'Build permanent roads"' "The construction of
improved country roads." "Good roads, and still better ones and
more of them are crying needs."   "Need of better and more
thorough knowledge of road building." "Since we do not have
much cold weather the dirt roads are almost impassable for a large
part of the year if we have the normal amount of rain."
Credit. "Better credit facilities for the man who is trying to
buy a farm. The present rural credit bank helps a man who is al-
ready on the road to farm ownership. It offers no aid to the man
who needs it most." "The establishment of local credit unions to
supplement what is being done for the farmers by the Federal Farm
Loan." "The great problem the farmer is facing today is financiaL
A great many of our improvements do not progress because of lack
of financial ability to work them." "A wholesome rural life must
rest on a profitable agriculture. If prices of agricultural products
are not sufficiently high to offer as high reward to the young farmer
as he could obtain in the city, the movement toward the city will
continue." "The average farm is too small to permit of an eco-
nomic use of either capital or labor." "Many capable and intelli-
gent young men are being lost to agriculture because they have
neither the money nor the credit to enable them to acquire a farm
in the old established fanming regions."
Diversification, Rotation, and Soil Fertility. "Farmers should
have much more livestock; all farms should be fenced hog-tight, so
that it would be possible, and very much more probable, that live-
stock would be kept, with a better disposition toward systematic
rotation and the use of limestone and rock phosphates to build up
fertility. This would result in better earning capacity which is the
basis of better social conditions."  "The diversification of agri-
culture by the introduction of more and better live stock; the ap-
plication of lime, ground rock phosphate and fertilizer, and the
adoption of a system of crop rotation."  "More intensive and less
extensive agriculture."
Better Business. "The necessity of awakening the farmer to
the realization of the fact that farming is a business enterprise and
not merely a means of subsistence." "The need of farseeing and
constructive leadership to guide business and social organizations
in rural communities. The development of a more profitable agri-
culture for the average farmer."
Better Housing. "Better housing conditions for tenant farm-
ers." "The decent housing of farm labor; the building of better
and more sanitary farm residences." "Need of more stringent
regulations regard sanitation." "Health, education, general care

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