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Industrial commission of Wisconsin report on pea canneries, season of 1913 : hours of labor of female employes [employees]
([1913])

Hours per week,   p. 10 PDF (243.1 KB)


Page 10


10 REPORT ON PEA CANNERIES.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
ploying women,-a remarkable showing of cooperation and ap-
preciation of the fact that their own interests will be advanced
by a fair working out of the problem.
Average hours of work.
  In the seventy-four plants employing women. the average
hours of work of the women employes during the season were,
as follows:
  Pickers, 8.6 hours,-Inspectors, 8.2 hours,-Cappers, 8.8
hours. The average for the season in all occupations was 8.6
hours. It will be seen by comparison with the figures given in
the United States investigation report that this was a decided
improvement over the hours of the past years. It was found
that the average hours for all occupations in 1908 were 10.4
hours; 1909, 10.1 hours; 1910, 9.9 hours; 1911, 9.8 hours.*
  The average length of the canning season was 29.3 working
days. This was longer than in any year reported except 1908.
In all factories 38% of all the working days were over ten
hours; 11%lo of the days were over twelve hours; 3%o over four-
teen hours and 1.5% sixteen hours or over. Compare this with
the figures given for 1908, 1909, 1910 and 1911,-68.3%, 67.39,
62.1% and 54.3%, respectively, of days on which hours of work
exceeded ten as against 38% in 1913. The improvement is
readily noted. Ten plants during the past season had no day
over 10 hours.j-
Hours per week
  Although it was found to be impracticable to fix a limit of
hours of work per week, since the aim was to scatter the long days
throughout the season instead of bunching them, 83%o of the
"women-weeks" were 55 hours or under; 6.5% were from 55
to 60 hours; 5%, 60 to 65 hours; 3%, 65'to 70 hours; 2%, 70
to 75 hours; 1.5%o over 75 hours.t-
Time of beginning and ending work.
  Equal in importance to limiting the number of hours of work
per day is defining the closing time, and fixing the length of
the "spread of duty." This will encourage and necessitate
beginning work as early in the morning as conditions will per-
* U. S. Dept. of Labor, Bulletin No. 119.
t See Table No. 2.
tf Ibid.
10
REPORT ON PEA CANNERIES.


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