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Northrop, E. B.; Chittenden, H. A., Jr. (ed.) / The Wisconsin lumberman, devoted to the lumbering interests of the northwest
(July, 1874)

The tree that destroys malaria,   pp. 399-400 PDF (783.1 KB)


Page 399


27e Wisconsin Lumberman.
ble. For this, as we haveillustrated in
another article on this page, they
will find that it is their true interest
to employ the most skillful men at-
tainable, and the highest wages will
be a judicious investment. It should
be their aim to thoroughly train
workmen, from boys up, in the most
careful and thorough habits so as to
supply the want which must exist, if
the policy of first-class workmanship
is to be everywhere adopted.
We have only one more suggestion
to make on this general subject of
the standard of lumber. It seems to
us that one single check on the ad-
ministration of inspection laws; in
the hands of surveyors, may properly
be demanded. It is this, that at the
same time that the number of feet in
a plank or other piece of lumber is
marked upon it, a figure, letter or
other device, indicating the grade or
quality, should also be marked upon
it. The result would be that the
dealer would not be able, under an
inspection, paid for and possibly in-
fluenced by himself, to purchase lum-
ber as refuse and to sell it as mer-
chantable. This would,in a measure,
remove the temptation to undue
influence in the inspection to the
detriment of the manufacturer. An
illustration of the present possibility
of wrong done to somebody occurred
in this district. Of 100,000 feet of 2
inch spruce plank, 16,000 feet were
classed as refuse, having been pur-
chased by a dealer on one of our
lumber wharves. A party, who knew
that the plank so classed as refuse
was still in possession of the pur-
chaser, and wished to obtain 2000
feet at a low price, went expecting to
supply himself from this lot, but was
told that they had no refuse two inch
spruce plank Either the inspection
was wrong, or they intended to sell
refuse lumber as merchantable. Such
a transaction would not be possible,
if the above suggestion, which only
corresponds to the practice in the in-
spection of other kinds of merchan-
dise should be adopted.
THE TREE THAT DESTROYS MALARIA.
From tu Ban Franeim Buwin.
The eucalyptus globulus, or Aus-
tralian gum tree, is favorably known
to all residents of California, where
probably not less than 1,000,000 trees
are planted. In this city, in front of
handsome residences, you will find
it with its magnificent drooping
branches making an effective and
graceful shade tree. In Oakland the
broad avenues are lined with them,
eucalyptus forests are planted in the,
country surrounding Oakland, and
in fact, in every county of this state
where the cold weather will permit
it to live, the eucalyptus will be found
growing.
The wonderful properties of this
tree have only within the past few
years been discovered and appre-
ciated. It is justly claimed that when
the tree flourishes in low, marshy,
and feverish districts, all miasma
will cease. It destroys the malarial
element in any atmosphere where it
grows, and is a great absorbent of
moisture, draining the subsoil almost
as thoroughly as a regular system of
piping.
The eucalyptus is an evergreen,
and is found in its native country
(Tasmania) in boundless forests,both
on the hillside and in the lowlands,
under extremes of climates, both as
to heat and cold, ranging from 130
deg. to 20 deg. Fahrenheit. Whether
it will endure a greater degree of
cold we think has as yet been unde-
termined. It is, however, worthy a
triaL
Its remarkably rapid growth is a
matter of much surprise, attaining,
as it does, a maximum height of
about three hundred feet, with a cir-
cumference of from thirty to fifty
feet. For timber and fuel it is ex-
ceedingly useful, being hard and
easily worked, and very serviceable
for such purposes as the keels of ves-
sels, bridges, etc., where strength
and durability are essential. It is
estimated that from $4,000,000 to
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