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Northrop, E. B.; Chittenden, H. A., Jr. (ed.) / The Wisconsin lumberman, devoted to the lumbering interests of the northwest
(August, 1874)

Teak,   pp. 498-499 PDF (751.9 KB)


Page 498


498                   The Wiseonsti
There has been no money as yet
paid into the State Treasury, while
we surmise a very large amount has
been drawn out. Supposing we just
"wait a little," and see how this
thing comes out. If the result shows
beneficial to the State, we will aid
our contemDorary in giving it pub-
licity, and shall ask if it is otherwise
that that sheet join the Star & Times,
in the expose we intend to make of
of this monstrous farce.
TEAK.
Teak-wood, or Indian Oak, is the
wood of the Tectona gradis, a species
of the natural order of the Verbenaceam
the indigenous name of which in the
Ghauts of which it is a native, is
Taik. It is one of the largest known
trees, and from the properties of the
wood it is one of the most interest-
ing. It is found in extensive forest
tracts in Java, Malabar, Ceylon,Siam,
and the Barman territories. It has
been introduced into the British
Indian possessions, and has been
extended to the West Indies, and
some naturalists believe that it would
thrive even beyond the tropics. It
is by far the best of the timbers fur-
nished to us by the East, and is spe-
cially adapted for carpentry. A kind
of wood imported into England
under the name of teak, brought
from the west coast of that vast
wooded continent, and someiimes
called African Teak, ought not to be
confounded with it. It belongs to
the order Euphorbiaeece, and is quite
an inter-tropical tree. Though yield-
ing a useful wood for many purposes
it wants a great many of the speci-
fic properties of Indian oak.
Teak-wood is as strong as oak,but
more buoyant; it is not only as
durable, but more uniformly to be
depended on for its durability. It
can endure all climates and all alter-
ations of climate. It can be used,too,
when almost green, freshly cut, in
fact, from the forest without season-
ing or preparation.  It is evenly
a
m Lumberman.
seasoned and shrinks only in an
almost imperceptible degree. It is
porous but strong, and while it is
easily worked is remarkably lasting.
Being of an oily nature it takes the
nail well It scarcely injures iron,
and iron injures it but little. It is
an invaluable tree for marine pur-
poses, and as a ship timber, is in
high favor in Calcutta and Madras.
where the wood is consequently in
considerable demand. It is also
extensively employed in the con-
struction of Eastern temples, and
even in the raising of houses. The
tree is singular in its style of growth
The young branches are square and
jointed; the leaves are placed oppo-
site each other, are obovate in shape
and are downy on the lower side.
They are inclined to droop, and are
even on young trees from one to two
feet in length ,and from 'eight to
eighteeninches in breadth. Its flowers
which are set in wide-spreading
panicles, are small, white, and per-
fume-vielding, It has a tomentose
calyx, and the corolla is only slightly
longer than the calyx. The fruit is
a single-selled drupe, having a soft
outer coat round the endocarpium or
stone. Its leaves furnish a fine bril-
liant purple dye, which is employed
to impart their striking gaudy hues
to the silks and cottons of the East.
The extensive forests of Pegu are
enriched by this splendid timber tree,
and its valuable wood grows in great
abundance  throughout   Burmah.
Burmese and Siamese teak, though
not so close-grained or durable as
some other growths, is more buoy-
ant, and is therefore much used for
masts and spars. The Burmese teak
is more readily conveyed to the ports
than some others, and therefore
Rangoon and Moulmein teak is the
most abundant and the cheapest as
much from the facility of gaining
supply as for its supposed inferiority
to the teak-timber of Java  and
Malabar. The port of Rangoon,
either for its own use in shipbuilding
or for exportation to Calcutta, Mad-
Ills |
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