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Northrop, E. B.; Chittenden, H. A., Jr. (ed.) / The Wisconsin lumberman, devoted to the lumbering interests of the northwest
(August, 1874)

Lubricants,   pp. 493-494 PDF (760.1 KB)


Page 493


The Wisconsin
public domain and all private lands,
annulling at the same time all con-
tracts made for timber on account of
private parties prior to the passing
of the act. As a large amount of
their production consists in deals of
from five to seven inches wide, this
snpply will be cut off, and the cost
will be much enhanced in furnishing
a large description which can only
be found at great distances from the
floating streams. It takes a hundred
and twenty-five years to grow pine
trees of ten inches in diameter in
that country.
Russia reserves all the timber on
the banks of her streams for four
miles back, as a breakwater and res-
ervoir to preserve the country from
inundations; yet here  her great-
est wealth of timber is to be found.
but the home and foreign supply
must be drawn from beyond that
distance. A Russia timber firm in
London that owns the timber on a
river and its tributaries in that coun-
try, which empties into the White
Sea, as large as the Ottawa, informed
me that they are now reduced to
supplying themselves with timber of
from six to ten inches in diameter,
and that Russia has but little com-
mercial timber available for the Eng-
lish market. Parties in Britain now
look upon the north of Europe as
pretty well "played ont"; but they
are quite sure Canada is yet one un-
broken forest. One influential jour-
nal, the London Standard, after ran-
sacking European timber sections
and inding the supplies all but ex-
hausted, turns it attention to Canada,
and assures the British public that
there need be no apprehension of
a timber famine, as  "we have a
supply for the most exacting popula-
tions of the earth for centuries";
while we ourselves have calculated
our supply as not sufficient for the
United States alone for a period of
three yaars. Another journal, the
Building News of the same city,
equally well informed on the subject,
sets down our timber territory at
Lum& rinan.                  493
,"nine hundred millions of acres, or
twelve times the area of Great
Britain, all told," and what is puz-
zling to them is that the supply is so
enormous "and yet the material so
dear in their market." This is the
sort of information furnished the
people of Great britain, who are so
deeply interested in the question of
the timber supply, by some of their
leading journals; but they will, how-
ever, wake up to its true position
when they find the United States
will be forced, at higher prices than
are now paid in England, to secure
all the timber we have, in order to
supply the middle and eastern states,
which, in five years' time, will be to-
tally stripped of their pine, and pret-
ty well through with their spruce
timber, and will also be forced to
compete with them for supplies in
the north of Europe, and in India
and Japan, which are pointed to by
some English writers somewhat bet-
ter posted on the subject, as sources
from which in a few years hence sup-
plies must be drawn.
I understand a meeting of those
engaged in the lumber and tim-
ber trade in the Provinces of On-
tario and Quebec is to take place some
time in the fall at Ottawa to try and
arrive at some means of curtailing
the supplies-a very wise measure.
Yours truly,
J. LITTL.
Montreal, June 13, 1874.
LUBRICANTS.
The friction of the parts in
machinery frequently absorbs a large
percentage of the power employed.
Various lubricating materials are
used to reduce this source of waste.
When polished steel moves on steel,
properly oiled, the friction is about
one-fourth of its weight; on copper
or lead, one-fifth;on brass, one-sixth.
Metals have more friction when they
move on metals of the same kind
than when on different metals. In


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