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Northrop, E. B.; Chittenden, H. A., Jr. (ed.) / The Wisconsin lumberman, devoted to the lumbering interests of the northwest
(August, 1874)

Morrell, D. J.
A forcible argument. J. Morrell on the subject of reciprocity with Canada,   pp. 469-471 PDF (1.1 MB)

Page 469

The Wisconsin Lmnberman.
J. Norreli on the Subject of RecIproCtSY
with Cuds
In a letter to Hon. Simon Came-
ron. Mr. D. J. Morrell, President of
the "Industrial League," gives his
opinion of the proposed treaty with
Canada, and strong arguments
against the removal of the existing
tariff. We take occasion agail to in-
vite correspondence and argL nents
in relation to the Reciprocity Treaty,
as it is certain to be an important
issue before the next Congress, and
now is the time to discuss the mat-
Hon. Simon Cameron, United States
Senate, l'ashingyton, D. C.
DEAR SiR: I regret to find, from
recent information on which I can
rely, that the rumors of some weeks
since in regard to the renewal of the
so-called "Reciprocity Treaty" relate
to a scheme which, if successful, will
substantially set aside the protection
against foreign competition which ex-
isting laws give to our industries.
Instead of the simple and compara-
tively harmless stipulations entered
into in 1854 to open our markets free
of duty to the raw produce of Cana-
da, it is a general scheme of free
trade in iron, steel, cottons, woolens,
and almost all other manufactures,
which are to be admitted from all
ports of British America free of duty
for a period of twenty-one years.
This is almost equivalent to a grant
of free trade with England for twen-
ty-one years; and we get for it-free
admission to Canada, where we have
little occasion to sell. Of what value
is Canada or any part of British
America to us as a market for manu-
factured goods? With all forms of
iron, steel, and manufactures gener-
ally at prices in Canada lower than
ours by the full amount of the duty,
and, with all these articles seeking
our markets from the other side, how
can we sell much to them under any
considerable state of assumed recip-
rocity ?
The Treaty now before the Senate
(as I understand informally), does
not propose any exchange of favors
of equal yalue to each party, but is a
most extraordinary and unpreceden-
red concession of privileges to the
Dominion; privileges to sell now what
they may have of crude products to
sell; and an invitation to them to de-
velop every possible branch of man-
ufactures to compete with and over-
whelm our industries. Works plant-
ed along our border will receive iron,
steel, and other things in the form of
material free of duty from England,
and will sell their finished product
free of duty in the United States.
Rail and bar mills, nail mills, plate
mills, machine shops, Bessemer steel
works, and every conceivable form of
iron and steel works, can be placed
opposite Buffalo or Detroit, with a
guaranty of obtaining permanent
supplies of stock, free of duty, and
of having entire control of our mar-
kets for twenty-one years.
It strikes me as amazing that pro-
positions, Eo dangerous alike to our
revenues and our industries, should
receive favor, or even consideration,
at the State Department. I shall
hope that in your committee, and in
the Senate, they will meet with
prompt and final condemnation. I
can not believe that the Senate would
favor the loss of revenues which
would follow a renewal of the old
Treaty; but when this great step in
advance is taken-when a country of
vast coterminous area is singled out
for the inauguration of almost entire
free trade in manufactured goods-I
am at a loss to know what interest of
our own country is consulted, or what
it is that moves the representatives
of our own government to give it a
moment's consideration.
As for the British Providences, of
course we know what they need and

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