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Bell, Florence C. (Florence Colfax), 1899- / Farmer co-ops in Wisconsin

Byproducts and specialties add to dairy income,   pp. 23-24 PDF (559.7 KB)

Page 23

a total value of about $600,000. One
manager serves both plants. Orange-
ade and tomato juice, as well as dairy
products, are sold on approximately
72 wholesale and retail routes. Three
of the retail trucks are used to make
sales to factory employees during the
lunch hour. The employees' pay roll
amounts to more than $5,000 a week.
The business of Dairy Distributers,
Inc., Cooperative in the fiscal year
ended April 30, 1940, amounted to
  Other distributing associations.-
Other milk distributing associations in
Wisconsin include the Twin Ports Co-
operative Dairy Association at Superior
and the Kenosha Milk Producers
  The Twin Ports Cooperative receives
milk from both Wisconsin and Minne-
sota farmers, and markets it in Supe-
rior and Duluth, distributing to retail
stores and not directly to consumers.
It has pioneered in bottling milk in
paper containers. Substantial quan-
tites of butter and milk powder are
produced and marketed. Butter not
sold locally is marketed through Land
O'Lakes Creameries. Business activi-
ties for the fiscal year ended September
30, 1940, aggregated $750,000.
   The Kenosha Milk Producers Asso-
 ciation carries on a variety of business
 activities for approximately 185 pa-
 trons. It bargains for the price to be
 paid the producers who deliver milk to
 private dealers in the Kenosha market,
 and also owns and operates two plants.
 The co-op not only makes more than 50
 percent of the retail sales in Kenosha,
 but also sells at wholesale to other dis-
 tributors in this market. About 60 of
 the patrons are "Chicago Grade A
 men," whose milk the association ships
to the Chicago market. The coopera-
tive sold fluid milk in 1939 aggregating
over $375,000; butter, $50,000; and
cream for manufacturing $2,000. It
was organized in 1921.
  There are several other types of
dairy cooperatives in the State, in-
cluding milk marketing associations,
wholesale milk receiving stations, cream
stations, and associations that special-
ize in the manufacture of a variety of
dairy products.
Byproducts and Specialties
Add to Dairy Income
   In addition to cooperative sales of
fluid milk and cream, butter, and
cheese, many other dairy products are
handled cooperatively as byproducts,
side lines, or specialties. Findings of
the national survey of farmer coopera-
tives show that associations in Wis-
consin or neighboring States in 1936
made sales of dried milk for Wisconsin
co-op patrons aggregating $4,825,000.
There were also cooperative sales of
casein amounting to $802,000; fluid
skim milk to $157,000; buttermilk
$124,000; and whey $8,000. In addi-
tion to these products, cream for manu-
facturing was sold in the amount of
$2,872,000, ice cream $31,000, and other
dairy products $654,000. It is probable
that a large portion of the manufactur-
ing cream was whey cream from cheese
making and that a large portion of the
sales of other dairy products was ac-
counted for by sales of evaporated milk.
    Throughout the State many dairy
 cooperatives of various types manu-
 facture a number of these products as
 a side line. Several co-ops also manu-
 facture large volumes of some of these
 products as their major activity.
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