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Henry, W. A. (William Arnon), 1850-1932 / Amber cane in Wisconsin : a circular from the Agricultural Department of the state university
(1881)

Planting and cultivation,   p. 10 PDF (269.3 KB)


Page 10


                            * N.                  - ~~~~~~~~~~~~~z.~~ f.
to obtain seed will be given the address of parties having
it for sale upon application to this department. Those hav-
ing seed for disposal are urged to send at once the name
of the variety, the price they ask for it, and the quantity
tor sale. The department has no seed for distribution this
year.
               PLANTING AND CULTIVATION.
  The following directions upcn this subject are kindly fur-
nished me by Mr. Charles Eustis, of Fort Atkinson, who,
as mentioned on a preceding page, grew forty acres of cane
last year.
  "Have the ground well manured and plow deep; do not
"cut and cover." Pulverize the soil bv harrowing until it
is as mellow as a garden. Mark the ground as for corn,
only having the rows but three feet apart each way. If
you prefer drilling have the rows run north and south.
Drop the seed in the check with ten or twelve seeds in each
hill. Cover with moist earth one inch deep. If a horse
planter is used the seed will come up evener and quicker.
Just as soon as y ou can see the rows two rods ahead start
in with the cultivator. A two horse sulky cultivator made
narrow is the best, having the shield set so as to throw the
earth away from the hills. Do not wait until the cane is
three or four inches high before vou commence cultivation,
for bv that time the weeds and grass will be higher than
the cane. Keep the cultivators going until the cane is
about six inches high, working as near the hills as is possi-
ble. Now go through and remove with the hoe all weeds
that the cultivator left. Thin to six or eight stalks or if
the ground is very rich allow ten or twelve to remain.
Remember that you cannot cultivate too much. Keep the
cultivator in the field as long as you can drive a horse      4
through the cane. When you are forced to stop work the
leaves will so shade the ground that it will keep moist and
no weeds can grow. If you follow these directions care-
fully you will be almost certain to raise a large crop of
cane.
                        MACHINERY.
   Fortunately for the farmer, competition is so sharp among
 manufacturers that poor machinery is rapidly being driven
 from the market. This department has not the facilities
 nor have we the time to conduct a series of experiments
 with the different mills and evaporators to determine the
 relative merits, but it is urged upon those in charge of our
 annual fairs to put all machinery on exhibition to the test.


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