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16th annual report of the county agricultural agent in Wood County Wisconsin. 1936
(1936)

Crops,   p. 10 PDF (445.0 KB)


Page 10


- CROPS -
     Tho severe drouth of the past sovoral yoars has madu it nooo"
sary that many farmors chango their typo of farming. The numurous
ficlds Of, clovcr and alfalfa that woro growring in tho period of
1920 to 1930 has disappoered. The limo content of tho soil has boon
deoplotod along with tho phosphorous and thcso fectors, ooupled with
the drouth, have mado it almost impossible for farmars to got a
"catch" of now seeding. Hundreds of farmcrs have had to resort
to
emergency hay crops such as soy boans, canary grass, sudan Grass,
rillcts, and nany have had to incrcaso their acreagos of corn. Wlith
tho growing of thosc new crops, many now nroblcms havo arison with
farmers who havc grown thcm for tho first fcvi times. Many rcqucsts
have come into the office reo;arding rates and types of scodinC, time
of seeding, and yields to be oxpoctod.   Farmcrs havc always bcon
dubious about poisoninZ- cffects of thc rillots and sudan grass.
     With the incroasc in thu acruages of alfalfa r-nd red clover,
many farmers havu comu to rely la:.goly on timothy. Mcotings have
been hold during the wiinter and spring months, with many hundrods
attonding, rcgardine the fertilizing and reviving of timothy and
bluo grass pasturos. Early cutting of timothy has boon advised by
the County Agricultural Agont for many years. Demonstrations havo
bcon conductcd on several farms in thc county, as well as the Miarsl-
ficld Experimcnt Station, on cutting rates of timothy. Results havc
shovm that tmothy cut about Junc 20th yields a crop higher in pro-
tPin and more palatablo than that out at any othcr time. Timothy,
wihen ?roperly fertilized and cut oarly, makes a crop very comparable
to rod clover.
     The rocomnendations on the dates of cutting vecro rdoptcd by
hundreds of fa;mors in the county and the number of farmers who made
hay beforo July 1st this year woro largcr than over before.
                               * * * * *
                            - CROP PESTS -
     The munace of grasshoppers in the county was considerably less
in 1936 as comparud to that of 1934 and 1935.   Vloathcr conditions
arc largely rosponsiblc for thc control of those posts.
     Serious outbreaks occurred in the southern part of the county,
but tho infestation was rather spottod. Poison bait was nrcparod
for sovcral farmors on whose farms thu grasshoppers wcre unusually
numorous.
     Cutvorms wore exceedingly serious in the towns of Grand Rapids,
Saratoga, Seneca, Sigol, Rudolph, Hilos, Dexter, Remington, and Port
Edwards. Cutworms threatened to Costroy the corn crops and also
molon and truck crops on many farms in those tovmships. Prompt ac-
tion on the part of the Agricultural Committoe and the County Acri-
cultural Agcnt in providing a bait, through the cooperation of the
State Entomology Department cnabled many farmers to control thoso
posts. Poison bait was proparod, using white arsonic and sodium
arsonitc. This poison wes mixed with wheat bran and molacsos by tho


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