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Industrial commission of Wisconsin report on pea canneries, season of 1913 : hours of labor of female employes [employees]
([1913])

Wages,   pp. 16-17 PDF (463.1 KB)


Page 16


16              REPORT ON PEA CANNERIES.
   One effect of the restriction of hours has been, and will
necessarily be to a greater extent, the displacing of women
as "line operators." In some plants their places have been
taken by boys, or automatic devices such as automatic eap-
pers and tippers have taken the place of operators. In one
plant a style of line was used requiring none of these opera-
tions, one man doing the work of three former operators.
Sixty-nine of the seventy-four plants had women line opera-
tors. In fifty-four there were women inspectors; in sixty-nine,
cappers; one had women tippers. Twenty-two factories used
women for warehouse work. Sixteen plants had women brine
mixers; twenty-nine had women can-droppers; one had women
pitchers, and three had women blanchers.
   Out of a total of 2741* women engaged in the three prin-
 cipal occupations, 1,828 or 67%   were engaged in picking or
 sorting; 25%  as inspectors, cappers and can droppers and 8,%
 in warehouse and miscellaneous occupations.
 Wages.
   It was found that there is a great variation in the amount
paid per hour in the different plants for the same operations.
The following table gives the prevailing rate of pay in each
of the main occupations of women with the number of plants
paying each rate.
       Pickers.            Inepectors.            Cappers.
No. Plants.  Rate pe' Hr. No. Plants.  Rate per Hr. No. Plante.  Rate per
Hr.
1 ............... 7c13 ......lO.          1 ............... Se
3 ............... 77%e1....    ........... 12c21. .lo
1 ............... Sc  11 ............... 12%c 1 .  .12c
1 ............... 8 1  ............... .13c  14 . .12%e
T ............... .c  1 ............... 13%e 2 .   .13e
31 ............... l. 1............... 14e 1 .    .   .    13%c
2 ............... lle  15 ............ 15C.     . .............. 14%c
4............... 12c 6..........     1c          ...     15c
14 ............... 12%eiI ............... 19  e 1. ............... 16c
1 ............... 14%e 2 ............... 20c  S................ 17c
11 ............... 15C  1 ............... 25c  1. .........  18e
1 ............... 17c                     3   .     ,    20c
                                          |1.. . .. . . . 25e
  * This total includes some duplication. Some women worked part of the sea-
sol at one occupation and part at another.


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