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Duffus, William M. / Report on agricultural settlement and farm ownership. Part I: state loans to farmers
(1912)

Chapter VII. Farm tenancy in Wisconsin and the need of a system of long-time loans for the tenant farmer,   pp. 130-143 PDF (3.8 MB)


Page 130


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   130     WISCONSIN STATE BOARD OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
                         CHAPTER VII.
  FARM TENANCY IN WISCONSIN AND THE NEED OF A
             SYSTEM OF LONG-TIME LOANS FOR
                    THE TENANT FARMER,
    Wisconsin is sometimes cited as a state foremost among those
  states in which the predominant form of farm tenure is farm
  ownership. It is true that for the state as a whole the propor-
  tion of farms operated by tenants to farms operated by their,
  owners is low-according to the 1910 census, 24,654 of the
  177,127 farms in Wisconsin, or 13.9 per cent, were in the hands
  of tenant farmers-but it is not safe to infer from this that there
  is no problem of farm tenancy in Wisconsin.
    Conditions of farm tenure in Wisconsin vary widely. To prop-
  erly understand them one cannot study the state as a whole, but
  he must divide the state into sections in each of which conditions
  are fairly uniform and investigate each' section separately. A
  study of the map on the following page will show that the per-
  centage of farm tenancy for the state as a whole is of little sig-
  nificance.
    The percentage of tenant-operated farms in Wiscoilsin as
  shown by the census of 1910 ranges from 3 per cent and less ini
  some of the northern counties in the state to 30 per cent and
  more in some of the southern counties. This extreme variation
  can be briefly explained by reference to the fact that the north-
  ern part of the state is still largely a region of undeveloped, rela-
  tively low priced farming land where there are few improved
  farms offered for rent and few men who prefer or are compelled
  by necessity to rent the farms they operate, while the southern
  counties, which show large percentages of farm tenancy, are in
  a long settled region of farm lands which are so high in price
  that a man of small means finds it very difficilt tn sanci…ire …-
farm without first serving a long apprenticeship as a tenant.
  In the second place it will be noted that between the northern
area of low farm tenancy and the extreme southern counties
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