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Northrop, E. B.; Chittenden, H. A., Jr. (ed.) / The Wisconsin lumberman, devoted to the lumbering interests of the northwest
(August, 1874)

Lumbering in California,   p. 482 PDF (392.8 KB)

Page 482

The Wileondn Lumberma.
LUMBERING IN CALIFORNIA.  scale about 6000 feet, One log on
I date my letter among the pines, the mill brow, 20 feet long, scaled
35 miles west of the summit of the nearly 2200 feet.
Sierra Nevada, and 4000 feet above  The average of the whole lot at the
the sea. I have just been out to see mill at that time was about 1500 feet.
them haul logs. All the logging in No logs are hauled up hill. When
this country is done in the summer all the lumber worth cutting standing
on wagons or "trucks." There are in the valley above the mill and
five yoke of oxen in each team, one the sides of the mountains sloping
teamster and one man to swamp and towards it, is manufactured, the mill
assist about loading. A large part of is moved.
the men engaged in lumbering here  The yellow pines in these forests
are from Maine.                  are as large as the sugar pines and as
The axles of the trucks are of iron fine looking trees. They are much
four inches square and eight feet like the Norway pins in Maine. The
long. Upon each axle a block of timber is hard and excellent for floor-
wood six inches wide, and coming to ing.
the tops of the wheels is bolted and  These trees are now  generally
clamped in the strongest possible passed by, but they will soon be
manner. Upon these are placed the wanted. Now only the best is taken
bunks, each eight feet long, and pro- -the cream of the forest. The two
jecting over the wheels. The wheels steam saw mills here, about a mile
are made of pine logs four feet in apart, are cutting out 70,000 feet of
diameter, sawed into sections eighteen lumber daily, which is to be run down
inches thick, and then hewn so as to the Flume 37 miles to the railroad,
be seven inches wide at the outer and the largest and best part shipped
edge, where they are bound with to San Francisco. The owners will
heavy iron ties. These trucks are of course reap a rich harvest, but the
strong enough for a load of twenty poor men who work in the mills and
tons in a rough place and cost from  are much out of employment five
five to eight hundred dollars each. months in the year, who have to com-
A sugar pine, that had calmly and pete with Chinese labor, are no better
proudly maintained its position upon off and less happy than the men in
the side of the mountain, for perhaps Maine who have less wages, less.
two thousand years, had been ruth- temptations and more steady employ-
lessly sawn down. What sacrilege I ment. The lumber here is all cut by
What a wanton attack upon things circular saws. There are two circular
ancient and honorable I The seed of *saws, qach about five feet in diameter,
this tree was, perhaps, ge rinating one above the other.
when Virgil was writing the  neid                      is elevatini
It was six feet through at the stump, ishos xceilaet Thee air is clvtool
but only four logs, each sixteen feet
t  long, were taken. All the lumber and bracing, and the water cold and
among the limbs is left to decay, and pure.  One of -our men who fre-
trees having limbs low down are not quently bled at the lungs when in
touched. We took the two middle S&an Jose, is well and able to work
logs and set the brake, which was so herso . Cor. of the Baugor Whs anc
powerful that the hind trucks plowed  ove.
their way down the mountain without  A fire at Musegon, Mich., August
On reaching the mill we found 1st, destroyed half the city. The
these two logs scaled 2958 feet, mak- lumber mills, of which -there are
ing the fourlogs from that single tree many, escaped however.

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