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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
(1880)

Constitution of the state of Wisconsin: condensed,   pp. [287]-297 PDF (3.7 MB)


Page [287]


CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF WISCONSIN.
                                   C0N DXE)NC     S1EED.
                                        PREAMBLE.
 We, the People of Wisconsin, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom; in
order to secure
     its blessings, form a more perfect government, insure domestic tranquillity,
and promote the
     general welfare, do establish this Constitution.
                                         ARTICLE I.
                                  DECLARATION OF RIGHTS.
     SECTION 1. All men are born free and independent, and have, among other
rights, those
of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness.  Governments are instituted to
secure these rights.
     SEC. 2. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except
for the punish-
ment of crimes.
     SEb. 3. Liberty of speech and of the press shall not be abridged.
     SEC. 4. The right of the people to peaceably assemble to consult for
the common good
shall never be abridged.
     SEC. 5. The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate.
     SEC. 6. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed,
nor cruel pun-
ishments inflicted.
     SEc. 7. In criminal prosecutions, the rights of the accused shall be
protected.
     SEC. 8.   Criminal offenses shall be prosecuted on presentment of a
grand jury. No one
shall be twice put in jeopardy for the same offense, nor be compelled to
be a witness against
himself. Every one shall have the right of giving bail except in capital
offenses; and the writ of
habeas corpus shall not be suspended, except in case of rebellion or invasion.
     SEC. 9. Every person is entitled to a certain remedy for all injuries
or wrongs.
     SEC. 10.   Treason consists in levying war against the State, or giving
aid and comforit to
its enemies.  Two witnesses are necessaiy to convict a person of the crime.
     SEC. 11. The people are to be secure against unreasonable searches and
seizures.
     SEC. 12. Bills of attainder, ex post facto laws, or laws impairing obligation
of contracts,
shall never be passed.
     SEC. 13. No property shall be taken for public use without compensation.
     SEC. 14. All laws in the State are allodial. Feudal tenures are prohibited.
     SEC. 15.   The rights of property are.the same in resident aliens and
citizens.
     SEC. 16. No person shall be imprisoned for debt.
     SEC. 17. Wholesome exemption laws shall be passed.
     SEC. 18. Liberty of conscience and rights of worship shall never be
abridged.  The
public money shall never be applied to sectarian uses.
     SEC. 19. No religious test shall ever be required as a qualification
for any office.
                                            287


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