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Bell, Florence C. (Florence Colfax), 1899- / Farmer co-ops in Wisconsin
([1941])

Farmer co-ops in Wisconsin,   pp. 1-2 PDF (483.0 KB)


Page 1


           5478 2 1
         FEB 1913
Farmer Co-ops in Wisconsin
      By FLORENCE C. BELL
      Information and Em ensian Division
        Fann Credim Administation
THE year 1940 marked the one-
  hundredth anniversary of the first
ooperative business enterprise in Wis-
onsin. A pioneer woman demon-
trated that it was profitable to pool
he milk from adjoining farms and
onvert it into cheese in her kitchen.
From that humble beginning there has
)een developed by the marketing and
)urchasing co-ops in the State today
in annual cooperative business amount-
ng to more than $100,000,000.
The recent survey of farmer coopera-
ives conducted jointly by the St. Paul
Bank for Cooperatives and the College
)f Agriculture of the University of
Visconsin shows that in addition Wis.
nsin farmers made cooperative sales
nd purchases amounting to
'14,000,000 in the marketing season
1'16-37 through co-ops located in
i( joining States.
The cash farm income of Wisconsin
'armers from marketing livestock prod-
nits, livestock, and crops was more
ltin $315,000,000 in 1936. The value
lI Wisconsin farm products sold in the
itate and nearby States by the co-
tperatives totaled over $105,000,000
in the 1936-37 marketing season.
The figures on cash farm income and
co-op sales are not strictly comparable
but they do indicate that a substantial
portion of the farm marketing is done
  through cooperative channels.
    Wisconsin is the leading dairy State
  in the Nation. It ranks first in the
  volume of milk production, in cash
  farm income from  milk and milk
  products, and in the manufacture of
  cheese, evaporated milk, dried milk,
  and casein. In 1938 Wisconsin had
  between 8 and 9 percent of all the
  milk cows on farms in the United
  States, and was producing 11 percent
  of the Nation's milk.
    Rural Wisconsin is organized chiefly
  for the production of dairy products
  and livestock. Well-kept dairy farms
  dot the landscape. Almost every farm
  has at least one silo. Pasture land and
  hay crops comprise almost half of the
  total farm acreage; on approximately
  another fourth are grown oats, corn,
  and barley, the three principal feed
  crops.
    In the 1840's and 1850's many
 American - born farmers from New
 York, Ohio, and other States migrated
 to Wisconsin. A considerable number
 of them had been dairymen "ba*ck
 home." This State has also been a
*1-


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