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Hove, Arthur O. (ed.) / Wisconsin alumnus
Volume 69, Number 4 (Jan. 1968)

The University,   pp. 20-25


Page 22


elementary literary Tibetan, historical
Persian, and readings in Buddhist
Chinese or Japanese Buddhist texts.
If the need arises, the faculty is pre-
pared to teach Kannada, Oriya, Pali,
and Prakrit.
   The Wisconsin student can now
choose among three African tongues:
Hausa, Swahili, and Xhosa. He can
switch over to the French department
to study modem African literature in
French. He can also study southern
Bantu literature and comparative
Bantu linguistics.
   In Hebrew and Semitic Studies,
students can choose classical, legal,
or documentary Arabic, or the
spoken Arabic of Egypt, or Aramaic,
or Hebrew.
   The Scandinavian department of-
fers Danish, Finnish, Norwegian,
Swedish, and Old Norse. Under
Slavic languages are listed Czech,
Polish, Serbo-Croatian, Russian, and
Old Church Slavonic. Under East
Asian are Chinese, Japanese, Indo-
nesia, and Tagalog-Pilipino.
  The old familiar languages-Latin,
Greek, French, Italian, German,
Spanish-are offered in more courses
than ever before. Modern Greek is
now listed, as well as classical. Portu-
guese as spoken in Brazil today has
joined the roster of courses in the
department of Spanish and Portu-
guese. Both "high" and "medium-
high" German are listed by that de-
partment, and more than three
densely-packed pages in the semester
time-table are needed to list the
courses in French and Italian.
Researchers Develop Program
to Deter Drop-outs
S EVERELY retarded reading abil-
   ity, poor discipline, and truancy,
spiced with a genuine dislike for
school-put these ingredients to-
gether, and you get a recipe for the
school drop-out.
  But University of Wisconsin re-
searchers in Madison have found an
additive that may deter such potential
drop-outs from actually quitting
school. The Research and Develop-
ment Center for Cognitive Learning
has developed a program by which
colored tokens and money are used
as rewards for greater student efforts.
   The program was tested among 32
students from inner-city Milwaukee
junior high schools, with Dr. Arthur
Staats directing the project. Prof.
Staats notes that the students were
severely retarded readers, some were
mentally retarded, others were emo-
tionally disturbed, and some posed
acute discipline problems.
   The-Remedial Program for Se-
verely Disabled Readers showed out-
standing results. In word recognition
the 32 students' improvement was
five times greater than that of a simi-
lar group which did not receive the
same treatment. In reading achieve-
ment their gain was about twice as
great.
   And Karl Minke of the Center
adds that the students "were truant
less and had fewer discipline prob-
lems. More important, these kids
liked school more. Not one dropped
out of the program."
   Students in the project had only
12 truancy absences, but a similar
group of students not in the program
had 90. Teacher grades for deport-
ment improved for the project group
while grades for the group not in the
project became worse.
   "This project was primarily an ex-
periment in developing a system for
motivating students," Dr. Staats said.
"Other subjects could be programmed
with the same system we used for
the reading program.
   "This motivational system has sev-
eral important advantages for inner-
city schools. Students can earn a
little money while being motivated
to learn and stay in school. It also
provides employment for inner-city
adults and involves them in school
activities."
Professor Studies Personality
Through Novel Approach
C OCKTAILS AND CARTOONS
    are giving UW psychologists
added knowledge of human behavior.
  The psychologists have developed
a method of using alcohol and humor
to reveal personality traits. What
people think is funny reveals certain
"dimensions" of their personality,
says Prof E. Mavis Hetherington.
  And alcohol? "People develop in-
hibitions to help them act in ways
that seem socially acceptable," she
explains. "Alcohol serves to release
these inhibitions."
Wisconsin Alumnus
22


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