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Richard, George (ed.) / Wisconsin alumnus
Volume 60, Number 13 (May 1959)

McGrath, Hazel
To speak, to hear,   pp. [25]-26

Alumni news,   pp. 26-34

Page 26

two hours a week for several years to
work with clinicians.
   "When he first came he had lost most
of his nouns, as many aphasics do; but
he was so interested and so articulate in
explaining the steps by which he remem-
bered words that we found it easy to
plan therapy to help him," Miss Carol
Chworowsky, a Ph.D. candidate who
worked with him a long period, ex-
   "For example, he learned to remem-
ber my name, which is a tough one, by
thinking first of 'church,' then of 'rough,'
then of 'ski,' " she says. "He remembers
his doctor's name, which is Chase, by
thinking of cat. When he wants the
word 'violin' he thinks of violets."
   "He is quite fluent now, and rarely
stops short, gropes for a word, and says
'That's not inside of me at all,' as he
used to," Margaret Rainey, also a Ph.D.
candidate, adds.
   Miss Rainey described the case of
Johnny, who was referred to the clinic
by his second-grade teacher, as typical
of work with young speech patients.
   "Johnny refused to recite and took
to weeping when called on in class,
though he has a normal IQ and is an
attractive, alert child. At first he refused
to read aloud for us and to respond to
our attempts to help him. We discov-
ered, eventually, that he could not make
the th, 1, r, s, and z sounds properly,
so we found the easiest one for him,
and started with that sound. After he
gained confidence in us and himself,
and could make the sounds by them-
selves, we started him on words incor-
porating these sounds. He has been
coming in twice a week for two months,
and we hope he can be dismissed by
   "Right now most of our speech clients
are students with foreign accents. We
also have about 10 children with articu-
lation problems, four who are mentally
retarded, nine adults who are stutterers,
12 adults who lisp or have other prob-
lems of articulation, six aphasoids, and
four with cleft palates," Miss Rainey
  With almost speechless children, the
clinicians set up a situation where the
child wants desperately to learn. A mem-
ber of the staff will take him into one
of the treatment rooms and show him
that a toy train run by remote control
will run only when he says 'ba ba ba.'
The child, in his eagerness to see the
train run, will usually cooperate.
   The clinician may hold a small cotton
ball before her mouth and make it swing
back and forth by saying "pa pa pa."
Or a drink of water may be withheld
until the little patient says "wa wa." Or
he may be lured into making the
"p-p-p" sound by blowing bubbles. The
first sound is the biggest hurdle.
   The clinic staff works directly with
parents and teachers to help young
stutterers. Parents  and  teachers  are
warned not to call attention to the diffi-
culty and not to nag the child to over-
come it.
   "Most children hesitate and repeat;
when parents and teachers call attention
to it and worry about it, the condition is
frequently aggravated," Dr. Aronson
   With adult stutterers the staff works
to eliminate the secondary characteristics
of the confirmed stutterer: the head
jerks, the eye blinks, the facial contpr-
tions. The patient is taught to be objec-
tive about his handicap while learning
the techniques of controlled speech.
   "We try to minimize the stuttering,
but we don't promise complete suc-
cess,' Dr. Aronson remarked. "We have
found that clinicians who have over-
come their own stuttering are among the
most successful at helping other stut-
terers to build up their self-confidence,
to relax and develop a more objective
attitude, and to find ways to overcome
their handicap.
  Work with the deaf is equally varied,
one patient was a woman who had from
birth been totally deaf for all practical
purposes. An accomplished lip reader,
she had earned a master's degree and a
responsible position. Her problems, be-
cause she had never been able to hear
her own voice, were those- of quality
articulation, and inflection. Her hours
in the clinic were devoted to reading
with the clinician until she had fixed in
her mind and muscles the proper pitch
and inflection, to watching the clinician
read and repeating the gist of the mate-
rial, and to conversation about her acti-
   One child could hear low sounds,
footsteps, door slams, and    his own
name, but could not hear speech, be-
cause that depends on a full auditory
range. He was fitted with a hearing aid
and taught to discriminate among speech
   On June 1, many of the activities of
the Clinic will be moved to building
T-17, for the executive committee of
the Madison Community Chest has
given final approval to the merger of
the Clinic with Hear, Inc. The combined
organization will be called the Speech
and Hearing Rehabilitation Center, will
be primarily for adult cases, and will be
directed by Drs. Irwin and Hayes. Sup-
ported by the State Board of Vocational
and Adult *Education, the University,
and the Madison Community Chest, it
will be able to offer more complete
diagnostic and therapeutic services.
  The Clinic in Bascom Hall will not
be abondoned; it will remain the train-
ing center for students in speech and
hearing correction. There they will con-
tinue to learn the patience and ingenuity
it takes to spend months trying to in-
duce, by every trick they can think of,
an aphasic child to utter a key word
like "car," and be encouraged to fresh
efforts when the little patient proudly
mutters, at the end of six months, "bus,
bus, 'bus."
alumni news
Up to 1900
  Dr. John W. DRYER '00 of Aurora, Illi-
nois, a physician and surgeon who has served
that community for more than half a century,
was honored with the Cosmopolitan Interna-
tional Distinguished Service Medal, awarded
by the Cosmopolitan Club.
  Members of Classes from 1891 to 1900
have so far contributed a total amount of
$465 to the Wisconsin Alumni House; there's
one contributor each from the classes of 1891,
1893, 1896 and 1899, two each from the class
of 1894 and four each from the classes of
1898 and 1900.
  C. M. VAIL '06 has retired as editor of
the Benton Advocate.
  The convention of the American Society
of Civil Engineers in Los Angeles in Febru-
ary attracted four 1908 class members: Louis
R. HOWSON of Chicago, immediate past
president of the society; George H. ZEIS-
LER, Philadelphia; George H. LAUTZ, Los
Angeles, and Lee H. HUNTLEY, Gualala,
Calif. Their wives were all present, too, and
all enjoyed several pleasant days together.
  Mrs. Frank B. MORRISON '11 (Elsie
BULLARD '10) has set up, in honor of her
     Wisconsin Alumnus, May, 1959

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