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Schoenfeld, Clay (ed.) / Wisconsin alumnus
Volume 49, Number 9 (June 1948)

Ross, Ward; Schoenfeld, Clay
W.A.R.F. report,   pp. 21-31

Page 31

tories. But through WARF funds the
University has been able to set up
scholarships and fellowships with which
to attract an unusual group of young
men and women especially interested in
science. "Apprenticeships" are offered
outstanding undergraduates in science.
  3. Full-time professorial s u m m e r
research. Most of the research work at
the University has to be carried on
during  the period   of the   regular
academic year. WARF funds have en-
abled the University to finance the pros-
ecution  of summer research    on   a
whole-time basis.
  4. Lectureships and  symposia. To
stimulate the spirit of research, the
Foundation has provided funds to en-
able outstanding men of science to be
brought to the campus annually for
series of lectures and conferences.
  5. Emergency relief. D u r i n g the
worst period of the depression, in 1932
and 1933, numbers of post-graduate
students were completing the UW re-
quirements for the PhD degree. Most of
these students found it quite impos-
sible to secure any job for which their
training had prepared them. To salvage
some of these trained individuals, the
Foundation gave the University a spe-
cial grant of $20,000 for emergency
post-doctorate fellowships. At the same
time the income of the University from
state funds was so materially reduced
that it appeared as though some very
valuable research men would have to
be dropped from the salary roll. The
Foundation realized that if key men
in science were allowed to drift away
from the institution, its primary func-
tion of aiding in the continued develop-
ment of scientific research would be
destroyed. So the WARF assumed the
responsibility of paying the salaries of
a . ,.-, - P + .,I#.,, .  0+(" '#"
sorship at $12,000 a year in the field of
the natural sciences. The chair has
been named in honor of Charles S.
Slichter, for many years dean of the
Graduate School and an important
figure in the genesis of the Foundation.
  10. University Houses. This summer
a 150-family unit apartment project for
University personnel will open on the
campus and help to ease the serious
Madison housing shortage. This perm-
anent housing development was made
possible by a loan made by the Foun-
dation to University Houses, Inc.
  11. Staff morale. Intangible yet im-
portant is the intellectual impulse
which the WARF has given to the Uni-
versity. On the record is case after
case where the retention of key men
in the institution has been made pos-
sible only through aid and encourage-
ment from the Foundation.
Story of Public Service
  This, then, is the story of the Wis-
consin Alumni Research Foundation:
  1. It has taken over the administra-
tion of a valuable discovery in the field
of health and has protected the public
from quackery.
  2. At the same time, it has so en-
couraged the wide-spread use of food-
stuffs containing vitamin D that rickets
is now practically unknown as a child-
hood ailment.
  3. Furthermore, it has astutely in-
vested minute per-unit royalties to the
end that the University of Wisconsin
has an annual endowment of some
$400,000 for scientific research.
  As Frazier Hunt has written of the
WARF: "It is good to know such
things, because it straightens out some
of our twisted viewpoints. It revises
  Timothy BROWN, '11, attor-
ney, Madison, Wis.
   Harry A. BULLIS, '17, chair-
man of the board, General
Mills, Minneapolis.
   D. A. CRAWFORD, '05, pres.,
 the Pullman Co., Chicago, Ill.
   Judge Evan A. EVANS, '97,
US Circuit Court of Appeals,
Chicago, Ill.
   Walter A. FRAUTSCHL '24,
vice president, Democrat Print-
ing Co., Madison, Wis. ,
   George L HAIGHT, '99, at-
 torney, Chicago, Ill.
   William R. KELLETT, "22,
 asst. vice president, Kimberly-
 Clark Corp., Neenah, Wis.
   W. S. KIES, '99, W. S. Kies &
Co., New York, NY.
   C. S. PEARCE, '00, director,
 Colgate-Palmolive Peet Co.,
 Chicago, Ill.
   Donald SLICHTER, '22, North-
western Mutual Life Insurance
Co., Milwaukee, Wis.
  UNDER THE supervision of the
Board of Trustees, the Foundation
has a full-time staff of personnel for
the purpose of conducting its regu-
lar business operations. This person-
nel at present includes Ward Ross,
'25, general manager and counsel;
Boynton Butler, business manager;
Edwin 0. Rosten, '33, comptroller;
Henry T. Scott, '25, director of bio-
    1 _._ -1 . . . . 1L1 -. I ___3 . tý _ T  I-l  1 . . ,
Under this plan, 74 semester leaves of
absence were granted to 61 professors
during 1932-33 at a cost to the Foun-
dation of $166,241.
  6. Game management. With the
rapid growth in sentiment relative to
conservation of native fauna and flora,
the Foundation made available in 1933
a sum of $8,000 a year to enable such
a study to be undertaken on the UW
campus on a broad basis. The Univer-
sity was fortunate in being able-to ob-
tain the services of the late Prof. Aldo
Leopold, whose international reputation
in this field placed the WARF-sup-
ported wildlife ecology work in the
  7. University Press. In 1937 another
special type of work was started on
the campus with WARF support. This
was the organization of the University
Press for the publication of the schol-
arly works of the institution.
  8. Enzyme Institute. Only recently
the WARF has loaned the University
Building Corporation the sum of $300,-
000 for the erection of an Enzyme In-
stitute Building on the campus as a
lab home for scientists in the fields of
cancer research and other important
biological investigations.
  9. Slichter Professorship. Last year
the WARF created an endowed profes-
new faith."
'33, laboratory manager.
  1. WHILE THE SUM of money which the Foundation turns over to the Uni-
versity may seen large, actually it is only a small percentage of what might
profitably be spent for research at Wisconsin. In terms of the national research
budget and in -terms of a fair percentage of the state's income to be "plowed
back" into research, the WARF grants are only a small, but vital, drop
in a
large bucket.
  For instance, according to the report of the President's Scientific Research
Board in AugusL 1947, a commonwealth should be devoting "at least one
cent" of its income to research. Total income payments to individuals
in the
state of Wisconsin in the year 1946 amounted to $3,800,000,000. One per cent
of that figure would be $38,000,000: yet the University of Wisconsin's total
search for the year 1946-47 was only $2,414,243.73.
  2. Foundation support did not in the past, does not now, and cannot in
future replace state funds in financing research on the University campus.
Since 1917 the State Legislature has recognized the need for scientific research
at the University by appropriating state funds for that purpose each biennium.
These state appropriations provide the solid base for the University's research
program in medicine, agriculture. botany. engineering, economics, and a host
oi other fields. The WARF grants merely supplement the state funds. They
the "frosting on the cake."
  3. WARF grants are doubly prized on the campus because they are so fluid.
The Foundation brings the money to the edge of the campus. From there on
in, the Research Committee of the faculty takes over. The University of Wis-
consin scientist is under no compunction to produce something of immediate
"practical" value. He is not enouraged to "chase patents."
He can hire and
train a continuous chain of top-notch assistants.
........ --.

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