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McCormick, Bart E. (ed.) / The Wisconsin alumni magazine
Volume 28, Number 4 (Feb. 1927)

Brief facts in the University's history, 1849-1927,   p. [125]


Page [125]


Vol. XXVIII                                  Madison, Wis., February, 1927
                                 Number 4
Brief Facts -n the University's History, 1849-1927
N    1838 the territorial legislature at
Belmont received an endowment of
seventy-two sections of the public lands
from Congress for the support "of the
Univer-sity of the territory of Wiscon-
sin." The grant existed only on paper
for there were no funds with which to
   : if  ý.
   In February, 1849, seventeen students
met with Professor John W. Sterling of
Princeton in the Madison Female Col-
lege. John H..Lathrop, president of the
University of Missouri,. became first
chancellor in Japuuary, 1850.
  The first degrees conferred by the Uni-
versity werereceived by Levi Booth and
Charles T. Wakely in 1854. The enroll-
ment then was forty-one with: fifteen
students in the preparatory school.
  Most of the students lived in the
dormitory, North Hall.' There was
criticism of the results of the Univer-
sity, which was a classical college. The
more practica clamored for a bread and
butter education. A medical college was
created om.. paper, but of course did not
take definite form until many-years later;
a law school was visualized but did not
develop ,until i869. During the first
sixteen years of operation sixty-one
graduates were turned out.
  In 1858 the criticism was so strong
that Chancellor Lathrop resigned and
was succeeded by Henry Barnard of
Yale, who resigned in i86o because of
ill health. He was succeeded by Profes-
sor Sterling.
  The Civil War came on. It was the
most critical period in the University's
history. Camp Randallwas the training
ground of new regiments, and every day
aI,    L.tt o.. - VullOI... IL M;,1 1 I d.I I NI .
In i864 there was no Commencement
for oiily one senior was left.
   In .spite of great financial difficulties,
 a normal department-was established in
 1863 and the first women were admitted.
 They were not, however, allowed to
 take the regular courses.
   Paul A. Chadbourne of the Massa-
 chusetts Agriculturat' College became
 president in. 1867. During his regime,
 Chadbourne Hall was built;. the law
 school 'was founded, and a professor of
 agricu ltureadded t4,'he faculty.
   Dr. John H. Twomi ley became Presi-
dent in 1871 and started the policy of
levying an annual tax of $io,ooo for the
University.
  The thirteen years under Dr. John
Bascom of Williams College, from 1874-
87, were a golden era. Six hundred stu-
dents graduated under him. Co-educa-
tion was adopted. Science Hall was built
in 1875, and rebuilt with laboratories
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chemical laboratory and a power and
heating plant were also built.
   In 1887 Dr. Thomas C. Chamberlin
took the helm. He greatly broadened
the scope in the direction of original
research and post-graduate work.
  During the administration of Charles
Kendall Adams, from 1889 to 190i, the
University had its greatest growth, its
activities extending in every field of
knowledge. It was organized into four
colleges, Letters and Science, Engineer-
ing, Agriculture, and Law.
  President Adams' health failed, and
from I9oo to 19o3 Dean E. A. Birge of
the College of Letters and Science acted
as President.
      THIS MONTH'S COVER
OUR COVER this month is the work
    of Miss Marion V. Wilmarth of Eau
Claire, Wis., a junior in the Course in
Applied Arts. From a number of very
excellent pen and inkdrawings done by
students in Professor Varnum's class in
Commercial Art, we chose Miss Wil-
marth's as being the. best suited for
reproduction  on  the cover of the
Founders' Day Number.
  Charles R. Van Hise, class of '79, was
the first alumnus to preside over his
Alma Mater. He was in office from 19o3
to 1918.   During his administration
Agricultural Hall, Latirop HalJ, Bar-
nard Hall, the Biology Building, the
Wisconsin High School, and the Physics-
" I.Ai,,uitiUIII., "Dallldlllg were bun.D
   Dean E. A. Birge became President
 at. President Van Hise's death in 1918.
 During President Birge's administra-
 tion, 'the Medical School which was
 created on paper 'back in the fifties be-
 came a reality.
   At his request, President Birge was
 relieved of the duties of President, and
 President'Glenn Frank was elected and
 took up the responsibilities in the fall .of
 1925.. A new building program has been
 inaugurated;* the addition to Bascqno
 Halt is nearing completion; constructi'r
 has been started on -the Memorial Unioif
 Building; the men's dormitories, whiclf
 were first planned by President Vaq.
 Hise are' now occupied; and a buildinig
program has been outlined to the legis-
lature. Last fall the University opened
its doors to the largest enrollment in
its history by five hundred. From seven-
teen students in, 1849 to over eight thou-'
sand at the present time, with corres-
F.ýl~11%1 i .g physical  andl e I;ducaional1
growth is the record of the University of
Wisconsin, the seventy-eighth ianni-
versary of whish-is celebrated this
month.
I
4- 4
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