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Lilja, Edgar D. (ed.) / The Wisconsin engineer
Vol. 28, No. 3 (December 1923)

Reber, Louis E.
University Extension and its engineering courses,   pp. [45]-47

Page 46

                Lines of Development
  A great variety of educational influences has grown
out of this widening scope of the traditAnal university.
The resources of this institution of learning have been
successfully made available to the people at large. De-
partments organized to take care of the special prob-
lems of extension instruction have been formed and
expanded as the demand for particular lines of service
has arisen.
  Among these, formal education, offered through cor-
responldence-stlldy and local classes, ranks first. Next
in importance is the informal education of the Depart-
ment of Debating and Public Discussion, with its pack-
age library service. Another informal service of like
value is given through lectures and lyceum courses.
Other developments, which have grown in response to
demands, and which compare favorably in size and
value with those mentioned above, include the work con-
ducted by the Bureaus of Municipal Information, Com-
munity Development, Visual Instruction, and forces
working without departmental organization on com-
mercial and industrial problems.
               Corresponidence Courses
  A wide field of service is covered by the University's
administration of correspondence-study courses. As is
well known, the work is adapted to meet the needs of
students of two types, those who fulfill specified re-
quirements and work for academic standing, and those
who meet no entrance prerequisites and study solely for
the purpose of improving their general education or
vocational qualifications.
  Correspondence-study has become an accepted method
of teaching. It is effective in teaching either class of
students. A method is necessarily thorough which in-
sures the student's attention to the entire lesson, relates
him with his teacher as an individual rather than as a
member of a class, and throws him upon his own re-
sources and initiative. This is especially true of corre-
  The Extension Division offers 475 courses by corre-
spondence. These are grouped as follows:
  I. Regular university courses which may, under ap-
proved conditions, be taken for credit toward a degree.
  II. Advanced courses designed to help adults in pro-
fessional or practical life to keep in touch with advance-
ments in science and other fields of knowledge.
  III. High school and preparatory courses for those
who can not attend the University.
  IV. Vocational courses which supply knowledge and
training leading to efficiency in a given occupation.
  V. Elementary and grammar school courses for
adults who need such instruction for any purpose.
  Up to July I, I923, 90,237 students had entered these
courses. Classified by subjects they are divided as fol-
lows: Mechanical Engineering 15,842; Civil and Struc-
tural Engineering 2,874; Electrical Engineering 2,452;
Drawing i,68i; Business 27,804; Mathematics 9,020,
English 8,o88; Foreign Language 4,739; Economics
3,310; Home Economics 3,I08; Education 2,966; Mis-
cellaneous 2,687; Sciences (including Astronomy, Bac-
terioligy, Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Natural Scien-
ces, Pharmacy, and Physics) 2,553; Political Science
1,885; History 1,3i8. During the year 1922-23 there
were on the active roster 28,722 correspondence anrd
class students.
                  Extension Classes
  The method of class instruction is used by the Uni-
versity Extension in cities or wherever groups of suffi-
cient size can meet together. Since 1907, evening classes
in Engineering subjects have been held in M\ilwau-
kee, and before the vocational school law was passed
a large amount of teaching of apprentices was con-
ducted in industrial shops. More recently the passage
of the Wisconsin Educational Bonus Law greatly added
to the engineering instruction in Milwaukee, the I Uni-
versity having agreed to carry, under the administration
of the Extension Division, the freshman and sophomore
work in engineering. The engineering, commerce, and
other work in Milwaukee has outgrown any ava 'able
building and suffered from cramped and poorly ar-
ranged quarters. The last legislature met this difficulty,
however, by making an appropriation for a new bvild-
ing, and plans are maturing rapidly for suitable 11ous-
ing of the work.
  Instruction is now being given in Milwaukee in all
the subjects of the Freshman and Sophomore years of
the engineering courses now offered at the University.
There are also, in the late afternoon and evening classes,
subjects of interest to engineers and those desiring to be-
Volume 28, No. 3

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