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Richard, George (ed.) / Wisconsin alumnus
Volume 54, Number 3 (Nov. 1952)

Erlandson, Mrs. W. J.
Claude Leroy: he makes friends for U.S.,   pp. 25-27


Page 26


ences for persons wishing to visit the
U.S. and invites those who have been
here to report their impressions of this
country to fellow Brazilians.
  Work in the centers has been stepped
up these days in an effort to combat
Communism. And-Leroy believes-"in
spite of m i n o r misunderstandings,
Latin  America   will always   remain
friendly to the United States."
  Leroy's career traces itself back to the
times when he was an eager reader of
books about other countries. His curios-
ity about languages led him to enroll
in French courses at the University, and
as a graduate student he learned and
taught Spanish and Portugese.
  And, having had the foresight to
combine training in education with his
language study, he found a vast teach-
ing field opening before him. He taught
an army course in Madison, moved
briefly to Colorado, and in 1942 and
1943 was with the intelligence service
in Texas, translating radio programs
from Latin America. He returned to
Madison to earn his master's degree,
then taught Spanish for two years at
the Green Bay Extension Center. In the
meantime he took two summer trips to
Portugal, Spain, France, and Switzer-
land. Then one day he applied in
Washington, D.C., for work with the
cultural centers he'd been hearing
about.
  He was offered a two-year contract
and soon was busy getting acquainted
with the Brazilians, whom he calls "na-
tionals" rather than natives. Tourists
have over-used "native" and too often
with an air of condescension, he be-
lieves.
  In his work. Leroy has seen a lot of
the small irritations that lead to inter-
national misunderstanding on the face-
to-face level. Too often those same
tourists thoughtlessly undo the work
the centers are trying to accomplish.
Proud of their U.S.A., they enjoy mak-
ing comparisons-often without much
tact. Tourists are apt to get a hurried
and superficial impression of any coun-
try, he says, and it takes months-at
least-to become enough acclimated to
understand centuries of culture an& the
thinking of a foreign country.   E 0
Badgers Make Magazine Headlines
        (LAST MONTH the Alumnus relayed some extensive quotes from
      Time magazine regarding a Wisconsin graduate, the Rev. Clarence A.
      Macartney. Then in October three other UW alumni figured promi-
      nently in that newsmagazine's pages, and on the chance that some
      Alumnus readers gain their insight into the life of our times by
      perusing Newsweek, U. S. News, or a daily newspaper, we'll pass
      on the gist of these reports.)
Dr. Penney Builds
Bombs for Britain
  "SIX YEARS AGO," Time noted,
"as the atomic age mushroomed, Britain
suddenly found herself out in the cold
without a bomb or blueprint . . . but
it did have a major asset named Wil-
liam George Penney.
  "Born 43 years ago in Gibraltar .
Penney got a   top-grade education in
nuclear physics by making a dean
sweep of the best fellowships, includ-
ing one at the University of Wisconsin
(getting an MA in 1933). He worked
at Los Alamos, sat in the observation
plane (the only British scientist) when
the third A-bomb exploded over Naga-
saki.
   "The first Bikini A-bomb tests (in
which a n o t h e r UW alumnus, Lt.
Woodrow Swancutt piloted the plane
which dropped the bomb) established
his reputation for sagacity on a shoe-
string.... The U. S. offered him four
times his $8,000 salary as chief of
Britain's armaments research, but Dr.
Penney preferred his country's credit to
America's cash.
   "Last week his country's credit came
to Dr. Penney (a short time before)
the Admiralty issued a scant, proud
statement: 'A British atomic weapon
26
has been successfully exploded in the
Monte Bello Islands.'"
Scott Starts Tour
As Expert on Europe
  IN   OCTOBER, John Scott ('33),
who is on the Time staff, started on
tour as one of the magazine's speakers
at U. S. colleges and journalism schools.
His subject: present day Europe and
its impact on European affairs.
  This we learned in the letter from the
publisher, who described Scott's career
like this:
  "Scott himself has a rare background
for talking about Russia, Communist
scheming and Soviet thinking. In 1932,
he decided to leave the University of
Wisconsin to learn something about the
Soviet experiment by going to Russia.
He prepared himself by taking a weld-
er's course in the U. S., then worked as
a welder and chemist at the Siberian
industrial center of Magnitogorsk, mar-
ried a Russian girl there. Then he spent
several years in Moscow' as a corre-
spondent for the London News Chron-
icle and the French news agency Havas.
In 1941 he wrote a series of articles
about the growing friction between Hit-
ler and Stalin, was summarily thrown
out of the Soviet Union. Two weeks
later the Nazis invaded Russia."
  Back in the U. S. in 1942, Scott has
written three books: Behind the Urals
and Duel for Europe, and Europe in
Revolution. He recently returned from
a refresher look overseas last summer,
when he spent nine weeks talking on
Soviet and U. S. foreign policy to U. S.
troops in Europe and North Africa.
Allyn Makes Investment
In Electronic Brains
  "TO BUSINESSMEN the w o r I d
over, the products of National Cash
Register Co. are as familiar as Coca-
Cola . . . Though National sells its
products in 92 foreign countries, Presi-
dent Stanley Charles Allyn ('13) thinks
that it still has worlds to conquer ...
In Computer Research Corp. Allyn is
buying a big stake in the future of
electronic brains," Time says.
   "Wisconsin-born and e d u c a t e d,
"Chick" Allyn has taken National a
long way since, as a youth of 22, he
got a job at the company's Dayton,
Ohio, headquarters . . . At 27 he was
made a director, and twelve years ago,
at 49, president. . . . National's sales
have risen fivefold to $212 million in
1951, its net has jumped 470 per cent
to $11 million.
   "While concentrating on machines,
Allyn has not forgotten the importance
of men. Says he: 'Think of making
these machines-some of which have
20,000   parts-with  disgruntled  em-
ployes...'"
   Noting  National's policy of free
noontime' movies, meals-at-cost cafe-
terias, well-equipped picnic grounds,
legal service, and other "fringe bene-
fits," the article says that the C. I. 0.
long ago gave up trying to organize
National.
            WISCONSIN ALUMNUS


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