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Johnson, Dwight A. (ed.) / Wisconsin alumnus
Volume 51, Number 1 (Oct. 1949)

Public service,   pp. 12-14


Page 13


recting, or at least helping children
and adults with these difficulties.
  To lick the problem, the selected
trainees a r e taught problems of
diagnosis and therapy through work
with patients referred to the Uni-
versity speech clinic-much like a
medical student takes his internship
at a hospital.
  The clinic, first organized in 1924,
works on all types of speech defects.
Testing is done to: determine the
cause of faulty speaking and evalu-
ate the patient's ability to improve.
Therapy may be recommended, but
it is frequently impossible for the
clinic itself to undertake treatment
because it is overloaded.
  Almost 200 cases were studied last
year. Some were recommended by
doctors, others by school teachers,
speech correctionists in the state, or
county and city school nurses. They
came from all parts of Wisconsin
and from out of state. Some were
University students, others young
children.
  Students in training start with a
normal college program to major in
speech. Emphasis on speech correc-
tion begins in the junior year with
actual work on patients; later the
trainees learn to plan and take
charge of speech correction pro-
grams.
And the Deaf Hear
  SEVENTEEN deaf children, ages
4 to 14, held a parade at the Univer-
sity last August. It was complete
with drum majorettes, drummers,
cow bells, whistles, and kitchenware.
  It was also the one thing these 17
children had chosen to thank and
entertain tneir teacners ana paren s;
it was a climax to the help they
received at .the summer hearing re-
habilitation workshop of the Univer-
sity and state board of health.
  With the aid of everything from
blackboards to pediacoumeters, the
children have been brought from a
tragic isolationism to the place they
can speak audibly and be spoken to
successfully.
  As miracles should be, this one is
inexpensive. "You don't need $15,-
000 worth of equipment," explains
Workshop Director J o h n Duffy.
Communities who want to help this
handicapped 5 to 10 per cent of our
children can make a good start with
the blackboard and phonograph.
  Duffy appealed to student teachers
in the audience. "You can go back
to your schools and your communi-
ties and use these aids to help the
children who have hearing handi-
caps," he told them.
  Parents he warned, "If you wait
until your child can't hear voices
well or is bored and day-dreaming
in school because he can't make out
what is going on-you've waited too
long.
OCTOBER, 1949
Down on the Farm
  ONE BIG FIELD DAY-that's
what summertime is for the College
of Agriculture men who make field
days around Wisconsin the answer
to a farmer's prayer.
  Staff specialists on poultry, sheep,
potatoes, weeds, oats, grasshoppers,
and iust about everything else on
the farm leave Madison every sum-
mer to speak at meetings held from
Ashland to Racine on UW experi-
mental farms.
          -MarshfIteld News Herald.
AGRONOMIST Kenneth P. Buchholtz.
along with a dozen other University
staff men, took research facts to the
farmers around the state in a summer
program of special Field Days.
  .Vluilu u2y bard U~ lly Iile WIlteii
a major crop at a station matures,
says Prof. W. A. Rowlands, in
charge of branch stations.
  At Spooner and on the Charmany
farm west of Madison, corn breed-
ing is the main project, at Ashland
the station is specializing in high
quality hay and in the development
of the dairy program for the north.
At La Crosse, soil erosion is the
problem; at Hancock, sandy soil and
inadequate moisture; at Racine,
plant pathology; at Three Lakes,
potatoes.
  There are also farms at Codding-
ton, Marshfield, and Sturgeon Bay.
All have their field days, and a few,
like Ashland, rate two.
  The big programs usually high-
light several farmer-interest sub-
jects. For instance, at Spooner, the
University's largest upstate farm,
professors and station men last
July:
  1-Told of the work and results of
20 years' corn breeding to get an
early maturing crop appropriate to
the area. Nearly 5000 strains are
kept in the nursery for testing.
  2-Displayed an uninsulated poul-
try house and explained that ex-
treme cold has little effect on the
birds.
  3-Explained the station's sheep
breeding program w h i c h was
started in 1939.
  4-Showed the new potato vari-
eties being tested on the farm.
  5-Discussed the Spooner demon-
stration garden.
  6-Answered     questions on   the
chemical control of weeds.
  7-Presented a women's program
which   included  a  discussion on
kitchen utensils and house plants.
  8-Urged farmers to cut down
their oat acreage and grow more
small grains which can better stand
wet weather. They also conducted a
visit to the station's oat variety
tests.
  9-Spoke on brome and alfalfa
plots; told the visitors no other com-
bination would produce as much
forage.
  10-Conferred with young men in-
terested in attending short courses
at Madison.
  Branch stations and their invalu-
able field days were started by the
state legislature. Radiating from the
Madison campus, they have been
solving farm problems at the source
for 40 years.
UW Across the Nation
  SUMMER PROM in Life, Dean
John Guy Fowlkes on elementary
education in Look, Prof. Harry Har-
low's monkeys in Scientific Amer-
ican, commerce school's insurance
staff in the Eastern Underwriter-
they  told  America   last summer
about work and play on the Badger
  MOST IMPORTANT to readers
was Dean Fowikes' "Needed: 1,000,-
000 Teachers" in the July 19 issue
of Look. "Assembly line education"
is the threat to children in the post-
war "population boom" hitting the
first grades this fall, writes the
School of Education dean.
  He cites the faults of our ele-
mentary educational system which
pays some teachers as little as $600
a  year. Many     are inadequately
trained and some schools don't even
have enough paper and pencils for
the children.
  Dean Fowlkes explains the young
child's need for the best instruction
money can buy. Teachers "cannot be
just  glorified baby-sitters; they
must be    competent   professional
people," he warns.
  "We need a million new teachers.
Let's go after them with full knowl-
edge of the gravity of our quest,"
concluded the article.
  MONKEYS       and  an   education
even more elementary is the favorite
subject of psychology Profs. Harry
F. and Margaret K. Harlow. Their
illustrated article, "Learning   to
Think," in August's Scientific Aner-
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