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Schoenfeld, Clay (ed.) / Wisconsin alumnus
Volume 49, Number 9 (June 1948)

UW doctors serve the state,   pp. 16-17


Page 17


and other centers gives mankind in-
formation which can be used in the
specific search for a cancer preventive
or a cure.
               *  *  *
  In dicumarol, Wisconsin m e d i c a 1
scientists have taken a d.ug that was
once known only as the cause of se-
vere bleeding in cattle and put it to
work saving human lives. Dicumarol
was first identified as the mysterious
cause of death in cattle herds from
"sweet clover disease." It caused pro-
fuse bleeding, from even the smallest
scratch.
  Could dicumarol be used in surgery?
If so, it was vitally important that an
antidote be readily available. After
years of exploration, it was discovered
that vitamin K was the antidote. Dicu-
marol can now be used to prevent
dangerous blood clots in operations, and
it can be controlled by vitamin K. The
Mayo Clinic has reported: "In the en-
tire series of 1,000 cases, there was
only one death from pulmonary em-
bolism, and in this case, which was
early in the study, the embolism oc-
curred after the prothrombin had re-
turned to normal"'-in other words,
after the effect of the dicumarol had
worn off.
  Beneficial aspects of atomic research
are already being brought to light.
  "Isotopes, the by-products of atomic
chain reactions, will be an important
laboratory tool in untangling the funda-
mental pathways of metabolism which
underlie disease," according to Dr.
Edgar S. Gordon, in charge of the
medical use of radioactive materials at
the State of Wisconsin General Hos-
pital.
  Isotopes are now being used for
treatment of goiter, cancer of the
thyroid, polycythemia, and leukemia at
the State of Wisconsin General Hos-
pital, first in the Midwest to give such
   Your University          is in
   the vanguard in the fight
   against cancer, pulmo-
   nary embolism, goiter,
   polio, syphilis, tularemia,
   tuberculosis, and malnu-
   trition. The State of Wis-
   consin General Hospital,
   the McArdle Memorial
   Laboratory for Cancer
   Research, the Wisconsin
   Orthopedic Hospital for
   Children, the Wisconsin
   Psychiatric Institute, and
   the Wisconsin State Lab-
   oratory of Hygiene sym-
   bolize the Wisconsin
   Idea in public health.
   Into the campus laboratories of the
Wisconsin Psychiatric Institute every
day come hundreds of blood and spinal
fluid specimens from physicians all
over the state for analysis.
  The Institute's record is especially
noteworthy in the ceaseless b a t t 1 e
against the ravages of syphilis. In one
ten-year period the Institute tested the
blood of more than two million persons.
The U. S. Public Health Service in a
recent year gave the Institute the high-
est rating of any state laboratory in
the nation. Dr. William F. Lorenz,
is the director.
  When the Institute's anti-syphilis
program began in 1915, syphilis was
responsible for over 12 per cent of
cases admitted to state hospitals for
the insane. The figure is now three per
cent. And Wisconsin has the lowest
syphilis rate in the nation, excepting
   "a T     I-T
Laboratory of Hygiene on the campus
has a direct bearing on the health of
each citizen. Typhoid, tularemia, pnue-
monia, rabies, streptococcus infections,
diphtheria, and tuberculosis are the
subjects of investigations at this lab-
oratory.
  Dr. William D. Stovall and his as-
sociates trace epidemics to their sources
of origin. They recommend protective
health measures and prepare tuber-
culin, vaccines, and other materials.
  Useful information on public health
emanates from the Medical S c h o o 1
radio, and printed matter. The medical
library service-one of the few of its
kind in the country-sends out hun-
dreds of packages of reference material
yearly to fill requests from physicians
and citizens. Dr. Llewellyn R. Cole, '26,
broadcasts weekly on "The March of
Medicine" over 23 stations for the State
Medical Society. He also writes a bi-
weekly medical column in a magazine
for Wisconsin farmers in cooperation
with the State Medical Society.
  The people of Wisconsin and the na-
tion-professional man and 1 a y m a n
alike-have already gained tremendous
benefits from the work of the Univer-
sity of Wisconsin Medical School. Sim-
ilar achievements have been made in
other fields. -
  But the end of an era is at hand.
  No longer can the University pro-
vide this public service with a relatively
small budget. No longer can the people
of the State supply, almost incidentally,
the needed personnel, equipment and
funds. No longer can private individ-
uals receive the growing benefits of the
Wisconsin Idea without accepting a cer-
tain responsibility for supporting this
Idea.
  Here the University of Wisconsin
Foundation enters the picture. The
   The medical skills of the specialists
on the staff of the State of Wisconsin
General Hospital on the campus are
available to all residents of the state
on recommendation of their own phy-
sicians., All branches of modern med-
ical science are represented in this
hospital.
   An important unit of the Medical
 School hospital group is the Wisconsin
 Orthopedic Hospital for Children.-a
 modern, sunlit building which is the
 scene of daily advances in the* con-
 tinuing battle to restore to crippled
 children of the state their natural
 birthright-sound bodies.
   In pleasant, friendly surroundings,
the young orthopedic patients receive
the finest s u r g i c a 1 and therapeutic
treatment known to medical science.
Drs. Robert E. Burns, '17, Herman W.
Wirka, '28, and Wayne B. Slaughter':-
all of the Medical School-work appar-
ent miracles to bring pulsating vigor
and normal appearance to otherwise
useless and misshapen members.
  Under the same roof with the State
of Wisconsin -General Hospital is the
Student Infirmary. The careful physical
examination of the entering student,
his thorough recheck, the out-patient
service, and the hospitalization facili-
-ties are df':-the'-highest order.
  Cerebrospinal fluid examinations, ex-
ceedingly helpful in the early- recogni-
tion of poliomyelitis, meningitis, and
diseases of the spinal cord, are also
performed by the Psychiatric Institute.
  The work of chemists, bacteriologists,
and pathologists at the Wisconsin State,
DEAN WILLIAM S. MIDDLETON heads
the fdar-flung activities of the UW's medi-
cal center.
not to be confused with the Wisconsin
Alumni Research Foundation, which
was established in 1925) is a perm-
anent organization  of friends   (not
necessarily alumni) of the University.
Its objectives are to inform the people
about conditions facing the University
and to help the University advance its
service facilities. The Foundation fully
realizes that it must think in terms of
many years-that its activities must
always fit into a large pattern and even
the larger scheme of the University as
a living whole.
  To help meet immediate needs, the
Foundation is carrying on its Centen-
nial Campaign. One of its major objec-
tives in this campaign is the erection
of the "Wisconsin Ide" Building.
  The Wisconsin Idea Building will
take meetings of institutes and clinics
out of the already crowded Memorial
Union-not to speak of Quonset huts
and classrooms scattered all over the
campus. The University will thus be
able to expand its adult education pro-
gram-and the Wiscdnsin Idea--far be-
yond what is now feasible in make-
shift quarters.
  Scholarships, fellowships, professor-
ships, the purchase of special instru-
ments and establishment of special
services are among the objectives of the
Centennial Campaign.
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