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Washburn, F. E. (ed.) / The Wisconsin engineer
Vol. 5, No. 2 (May 1901)

The young engineer,   pp. 209-212

Page 211

[l'hie Ytomg Enigileerl.
of manual training. It is therefore essential that those who have-
not had sufficient practical experience before entering an engi-
neering school should obtain the same after the completion of
their theoretical training.
  This is necessary, not only for the beg-inner's own good, but
also for that of his employer, for, having served a short appren-
ticeship in the shop he is better fitted to oversee and judge the
work of others.
  In nearly every case a graduate in the mechanical or electrical
courses begins in this way or in the draughting room of the firm
he is working for.
  A variety of positions are open for the civil engineer, among
which may be mentioned railroad, city, bridge and mining work,
in all of which there is considerable field work and draughting.
Students from either course may begin work in some subordinate
position connected with a manufacturing establishment and work
up into the business management.
  A great number of people have an erroneous idea that a college
graduate ought to draw a big salary as soon as he gets his first
job; they seem to think that such a young man ought to be 1paid
according to what he knows. The majority of people who think
this may be found in the ranks of ambitious parents who judge
onlv from what their sons have learned from books, and who for-
get that a man's salary depends not upon his knowledge, but upon
the practical application of the same.
  This is well illustrated in the case of a man taking a position
in a shop. First he is asked a number of questions as to what he
can do, and if he can give satisfactory replies he is given a trial.
At first he will be expected to work for low wages-, which will be
increased as he becomes more proficient in the use of tools. When
that stage of his career has been reached, he will realize the im-
portance of having both theoretical and practical knowledge at
his command, for while a theoretical man may be able to design
a piece of machinery in all its details, he may not have a very
clear idea of how the different parts of his machine are made in
the shop; he would only be able to judge of the efficiency of the
machine as a whole.
  The wages a college graduate may expect vary from a dollar
and a quarter to two and a half dollars per day of ten hours.

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