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Swoboda, Marian J.; Roberts, Audrey J. / Wisconsin women, graduate school, and the professions

Droste, Jean
Chapter 1: Vocational aspirations and job realities: a look at some women receiving Ph. D.'s prior to 1926,   pp. 1-10

Page 8

idols were successful homemakers. In the late thirties, forties and fifties
women no longer discussed women's rights. After the Depression, women as
well as men were searching for security. One way women thought they could
find it was to marry early and to forget about lifelong careers that were
fraught with insecurity.57
In the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century women who
really desired to obtain an advanced degree from Wisconsin were not pre-
vented from doing so by the university administration or by their major pro-
fessors. The small minority of women graduate students were not a threat
the male majority, but after the 1930s, equal professional opportunity was
one obstacle even Wisconsin women Ph.D.'s had difficulty surmounting.
1. Mabel Newcomer, A Century of Higher Education for Women (New York: Harper
Brothers, 1959), p. 240.
2. Albion W. Small, "Coinstruction in Graduate School," Journal
of the Proceedings and Ad-
dresses of the Association of American Universities, Sixth Annual Conference,
1905, p. 49.
3. Charles Richard Van Hise, "Educational Tendencies in State Universities,"
Publications of
the Association of Collegiate Alumnae (February, 1908), 36.
4. Letter to Jean Rasmusen Droste from Mrs. Karl Young, 11 March 1966.
5. Biennial Report of the Board of Regents, 1904-1906, University of Wisconsin
Archives, 153.
6. Merle Curti and Vernon Carstensen, The University of Wisconsin: A History,
2 vols.
(Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1949), 1:369.
7. CCatalogs of the University of Wisconsin, 1900-1901, 1909-1910, 1919-1920,
University of Wisconsin Archives.
8. E. B. Fred, "Women and Higher Education," Journal of Experimental
Education (December,
1962), 161.
9. Personal interview, Madison, Wisconsin, 22 October 1965.
10. Young to Droste, 11 March 1966.
11. Mrs. Victor Albjerg to Droste 27 February 1966. All of the Wisconsin
Ph.D.'s interviewed or
questioned by the author through the mail expressed similar views. None of
them could recall
any instances of discrimination while they were attending graduate school.
12. Unless otherwise noted, the remainder of this essay is based on information
obtained through
seven interviews with the Wisconsin Ph.D.'s, through nineteen questionnaires
and through
Alumni Record Office, University of Wisconsin Union, Madison, Wisconsin.
The Alumni
Records contain some information about all of the women Ph.D.'s.
13. Emilie Hutchinson, Women and the Ph.D. (Greensboro, North Carolina Institute
of Women's
Professional Relations, Bulletin 2, North Carolina College for Women, 1929),
p. 17.
14. Dr. Ruth Nebel to Jean Rasmusen Droste, 16 February 1966. Dr. Nebel was
a former student
of Dr. Allen.
15. Interview, 22 October 1965. Hutchinson, 28. Mary Creegan Roark, "A
Study of the Graduate
Work Done by Women in the Universities Belonging to the Association of American
sities," (Master's thesis, University of Wisconsin, 1916), p. 14.
16. Mrs. Hally Jolivette Sax to Jean Rasmusen Droste, 8 December 1965.
17. Mrs. Karl Young to Droste, 11 March 1966.
18. In the 22 interviews (written and oral) only two Wisconsin women Ph.D.'s
mentioned that
their families disapproved of their educational plans. A substantial majority
of the rest of the
women remarked that their immediate families encouraged and supported their
career aims.
19. Mrs. Victor Albjerg to Droste, 11 February 1966.
20. William R. Harper, "Address of Welcome," Publications of the
Association of Collegiate
Alumnae (February, 1900), 2.
21. Curti and Carstensen, 1:639, 349.

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