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Hove, Arthur O. (ed.) / Wisconsin alumnus
Volume 69, Number 3 (Dec. 1967)

The University,   pp. 17-20


Page 17


The University
UW Researcher Studies
Desegregation in Schools
AUW professor is directing a na-
-L  tionwide study on the impact of
desegregation in various types of
communities and elementary schools.
   Dr. Vernon F. Haubrich of the
department of educational policy
studies, director of the project, ex-
pects the study to run for a three-
year period.
   Sponsored under a $162,148 grant
from the U.S. Office of Education,
the study is the most comprehensive
of its kind. A 13-man advisory com-
mittee of sociologists, anthropolo-
gists, and educational administrators
from around the country will assist
in directing the project.
   Prof. Haubrich says the main pur-
pose of the project is to isolate factors
which make it possible for a school
to have a successful policy of school
desegregation.
   Researchers will study both
 schools which have recently desegre-
 gated to segregated schools.
   Among the factors the researchers
believe may be critical if desegrega-
tion is to be su ,'l-1 :a.   ) cor-.m
munity planning, 2) preparation of
teachers, 3) administrative climate
in a school, 4) the ratio of Negro to
white students, 5) teachers' percep-
tions of abilities of white and Negro
students, 6) pupil attitudes toward
desegregation, and others.
   Included in the survey will be both
 Southern and Northern school dis-
 tricts which previously have had de
 facto segregation as well as those
 which have desegregated as a result
 of state or local laws.
   The researchers also will examine
 the impact of desegregation when
 bussing and pupil transfers are in-
 volved.
   By comparing desegregation pro-
 grams in different section of the
 country and in different kinds of
 schools and communities, the re-
 searchers believe they will be able to
 evaluate the most important factors
 December, 1967
responsible for success or failure.
  They will attempt to predict by
using the factors in studying schools
and students who are about to un-
dergo desegregation. The initial phase
of the project will consist of studying
schools which have already made the
transition from segregation to de-
segregation.
   Much of the data will be obtained
through interviews with students,
teachers, administrators, and school
board members. In addition, a bat-
tery of educational tests will be ad-
ministered to students to determine
their rates of progress in different
settings.
New Techniques Have
Produced "Psychiatric Revolution"
N    EW TECHNIQUES and new at-
     titudes are affecting everything
today-including the field of psychi-
atry.
   We are in a "psychiatric revolu-
tion," says the chairman of the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin Department of
Psychiatry. Dr. Milton Miller de-
scribes the changes of recent years
which have affected his profession.
   "The first and foremost change is
that there is more understanding and
acceptance of mental disease by so-
ciety. The public is no longer intimi-
dated by esoteric terminology," he
says. The old image of mental hospi-
tals, closed to outside influences and
removed from reality, is gone too,
Dr. Miller notes. "We've come a
long way from the days when we
treated the mentally ill as criminals
and chained them up."
   He gives examples from his own
 experiences in the late 1940's. "Men-
 tal hospital conditions were horrible,
 and the medical student wasn't al-
 lowed to object. Now the student
 speaks up when he doesn't like what
 he sees and hears, and there are also
 human rights committees striving for
 better conditions."
   Dr. Miller says another significant
 change is that we know more about
Alden White, Longtime
Faculty Secretary, Dies
  Alden W. White, genial and
genteel secretary of the Univer-
sity's Madison campus faculty
for the past 24 years, died in
Madison on Nov. 14. He was 66
years old.
  White was one of the Univer-
sity's most capable administrators
who handled a myriad of details
ranging from finding enough
classroom space to accommodate
the annual fall surge of enroll-
ment to seeing that Commence-
ment ceremonies.ran smoothly
every year.
   White had been a part of the
University since earning his
bachelor's degree in 1926, the
year that he became an assistant
in the registrar's office. He was
appointed assistant secretary of
the faculty in 1929 and was
named secretary in 1943.
   In a statement issued follow-
ing White's death, Madison
Chancellor William Sewell noted:
"Among the faculty and staff of
the University of Wisconsin in
Madison, there was no one more
respected or beloved than Alden
White."
17


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