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McCormick, Bart E. (ed.) / The Wisconsin alumni magazine
Volume 28, Number 3 (Jan. 1927)

Potter, Pitman B.
The League of Nations in action,   p. 92

Page 92

2January, 1927
The League of Nations in Action
                            By PITMAN B. POTTER
                            Professor of Political Science
   (Professor Pitman B. Potter was one
of fifty university professors who 'were
given the opportunity to study political
conditions in Europe last summer by the
Carnegie Foundation "for the Advance-
ment of Peace.)
AN AMERICAN visiting Geneva and
     observing -the League of Nations
in action' is likely to experience first of all
'a feeling that the importance of Amer-.
ican member-
ship -in the
League has-
been greatly
alike by ad-.
vocates an d
of that step
in the United
States. He is
soon absorbed
in  becoming
acq u a i n te d
with the 'or-
'League and
cient to claim
all his interest and attention.
  He finds the Secretariat of the League
in ful'l operation in the Palace of Na-
tions on the shore of Lake Leman in
the northeastern corner of Geneva.
Some five hundred experts and clerical
employes of all nationalities are busy in
the sections and bureaus of the Secre-
tariat dealing with such matters as dis-
armament, health protection, mandates,
and all the objects of League concern.
It is a huge permanent business estab-
lishment in appearance, in method, and
in tone.
   The Council may be observed in ses-
 sion in a committee room in the Palace
 'of Nations also. It meets in public and
 newspaper men and visitors from   all
 over the world vie with one another to
 obtain space in the crowded room.
 Leaders in the political affairs ot Great
 Britain,, France, and the other three
 leading nations members of the Council,
 among whom is now numbered Germany,
 may be seen 'talking over the problems of
 peace and international cooperation in
 the presence of delegates from the five
 smaller and more neutral nations on the
 Council such as Sweden and Czecho-
 slovakia. A full report of the meeting
-may be obtainedc in the press room iam-
mediately after the meeting.
   The visitor may now journey to the
Hall of the Reformation across the lake
in theý southeastern, corner of Geneva
and attend a- meeting of the Assembly.
Here he will see over a hundred dele-
gates from all.,nations members of the
League discussing in the presence of
press and public the broader problems
of international relations.  The ad-
dresses, all deliveredin both French and
English, will seem to.him long and some-
times too oratorical, but he will con-
clude that at least here is a forum where
all nations--Abyssinia, Ireland, and
India included-may be heard at their
   Finally the visitor may turn to the two
 outlying branches of the League, the
 International Labor Organiiation in its
 new building beyond the Palace of-Na-
 tions on the north, bank, and the Per-
 manent Court of International Justice,
 to visit which he'must journey to The
 Hague -in Holland. The Labor Organi-
 zation', he will find,ý is a complete replica
 of the League itself and he will find that
 the Labor Office- reproduces the Secre-
 tariat as the Governing Board and
 General Conference' reproduce, respect-
 ively, the Council and Assembly of the-
 League. The Court he will find carrying
 on  its, work independently,' in' Mr.
 Carnegie's Peace Palace in the Dutch
 capital, quite free- from any dictation or
 even influence from Geneva.
   Realizing that he has not seen any of
 the extensive machinery of the technical
 organizations of the League the," Com-
 munications and Transit Organization,
 -the Economic and Financial Organiza-
 -tion-or the. field services of the League,
 including the offices in London, Paris,
 Washington, Tokio, Rome, and else-
"where, he will inevitably conclude that
the League and its activities are *suffi-
cient subjects of study considered just as
any existing governmental institutions,
all .controversial questions aside. He-
may also conclude that the persons en-
gaged in League work are much more
occupied with their work than with -any
such questions. He will be quite correct
in this conclusion.
  Edward Macartney, D. D., minister
  of Arch Street Presbyterian Church,
  Philadelphia. New York: Revell Co.
  "IF A MAN die shall he live again?"
        Dr. Macartney has turned his
thoughts toward Putting On Immor-
tality and has discussed the great theme
of life after death, describing the human
desire for immortality and showing the
reasonableness of the hope of life after
death. He takes up the teachings of the
Old and New Testaments in regard to
immortality and discusses the subjects
of the resurrection of the body, future
punishment, the last judgment, and the
relationships and joys of heaven.
  "It can hardly be questioned that the
tide of interest in the life to come has
         BOOK NOTES
rapidly ebbed in our generation," says
the author in the introduction to his
book. "This subsidence of interest in
the life to come has undoubtedly had its
influence in the present low spiritual
condition of the Church and in the sag
in public morality. There is a tonic in
the wind which blows off the shores of
the life to come, and both Church and
State sorely need to feel its awakening
and life-giving breath.
  The author begins with a beautiful
and sympathetic presentation of "What
All Men Feel," showing the common
urge for belief in immortality and de-
fending that urge. "Unless there is a
future life, then man is the only creature
with desires for the gratification of
which he has neither power nor oppor-
   "Can We Talk With the Dead?". is
one question which he answers in the
light of the Bible. Continuing with a
discussion of the resurrection of the
body, the manner of being between
death and the resurrection, the last
judgment, and future retribution, he
quotes exhaustibly from the Bible in an
effort to interpret these fascinating un-
  The entire book is treated in a schol-
arly scriptural way, yet always with a
truly human touch and with a deep sym-
pathy for those who bear the burdens
and carry the sorrows of this present
life. Of that reviving interest in the life
beyond the grave, which is even now be-
ginning to show itself, Dr. Macartney's
book is both a symbol and a prophecy
of fulfillment.
             RosE MANTELL, '27.
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