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Schoenfeld, Clay (ed.) / Wisconsin alumnus
Volume 48, Number 5 (Feb. 1947)

Colbert, R. J.
New bureau aids Badger communities,   p. 15

Page 15

                   Afe iisea 4is 84  mmoan d* mo
  By R. J. COLBERT, PhD'31
  Director, UW Bureau of Community
   IT HAS OFTEN been said that
no matter where a citizen of Wis-
consin lives he is on the campus
of his State University. Not only
do citizens benefit indirectly from
the extensive researches a n d
.eacding of the many colleges an&
departments--of-the University;
there   have   long    been   many
planned out-reaches that bring
direct services to every commu-
nity throughout the state. A mere
catalog of these direct services
would fill many pages. To an ever
increasing e x t e n t the citizens
turn   to   their  University   for
needed information, counsel, and
  With the return to peace there has
-comie a-vast--nu3b-er -ofiew  elo-
ments and problems of adjustment that
affect both individuals and communities.
In attempting to assist in meeting
these developments and adjustments,
the University has expanded its direct
services in a number of important
directions, one of the more important
being the services which it now offers
to business, industry, and the economic
developments of Wisconsin communi-
  A start in this direction was made
during the war when the University, in
cooperation with the Committee for
Economic Development, carried on a
program aimed at stimulating post:
war planning for the reconversion pe-
riod-to further postwar employment
  The CED was organized nationally
in Aug., 1942, by a group of business
and industrial men who remembered
all too well the aftermath of unemploy-
ment that awaited returning Yanks of
World War I. The CED program was
"double-barrelled'"-a program of re-
search, and a program of field develop-
ment and community organization. The
CED took root in Wisconsin in the
Spring of 1943. The late Fred Clausen,
'97, was appointed state chairman and
took the CED helm. He selected three
able and dynamic district chairmen:
Walter Geist, president of Allis-
Chalmers, Milwaukee; Glen V. Rork,
president of N'orthern States Power
Co., Eau Clair ; and L. D. Harkrider,
president of Geeral Malleable Corp.,
Waukesha. Frank 0. Holt, director of
the UW department of public service,
served as state CED vice chairman and
chairman of the advisory committee.
  The industries in Wisconsin did an
outstanding job of this practical plan-
ning. Though employment opportuni-
ties are now abundant, there are
many other problems- housing, city
planning, business development, price
and market controls, industrial produc-
tion and expansion, personnel training,
educational developments, and construc-
tion of necessary public improvements.
These are but a few of the postwar
problems to be thought through by the
business and civic leaders in every
  In order to provide them with the
best information for thinking through
these problems, the University, through
the Extension Division, has inaugurated
a rogram    foLinstiites.Iel
nars, and roundtables for these com-
munities. This program is developd in
cooperation with the School of Com-
merce, the College of Engineering, the
department of economics, and the sev-
eral departments of state government
that are  especially concerned with
economic matters.
  While we cannot avoid being affected
by the ups and downs of economic
forces resulting from  national and
international situations, much of the
shock and ill effects of these economic
fluctuations can be cushioned through
well-considered plans and programs in
the local community. The experience
drin~gthe-past few--yea- proviades &--a--
good foundation for such plans and
  The Bureau of Community Develop-
ment offers here in brief outline some
programs which experience has already
demonstrated to be of vital importance
for our communities. Already many
communities have- made a good start on
some of these programs and have
profited from them. Suggestive of these
opportunities are the following activ-
   Seminar for merchants and store
   Program of business promotion,
 with local manufacturers, trade
 associations and agriculture.
   Seminar on problems of indus-
 trial management, locally spon-
   City planning program in coop-
 eration with the State Planning
 Board and other agencies.
   Home planners' institute, spon-
 sored by local building and con-
 struction committees.
   Seminar on building and con-
 struction, to plan for the stabiliza-
 tion of the building business.
 Institute on small business.
   The services-their part in com-
munity advancement.
  Educational needs and resources
affecting youth and adults.
  Recreation and community wel-
fare-community surveys pointing
to discovery of needs and resources.
  A program of forums and pub-
lic discussion, to appraise local,
state; regional,' national and world
issues-economic and political.
  Citizenship Day (third Sunday
in May), an educational enterprise
reviving the New Voter program,
presenting local forums, climaxed
by the induction program of the
21-year-olds in every county, in
HE AUTHOR of the accompanying ar-
ucle. Dr. n. j. Conert, has just published
a Guide to Community Action in which
he asserts that long-range planning is
necessary to effect an orderly, stable
housing development and industrial.
commercial, and public construction
growth in Wisconsin.
  "If a boom is to be prevented and the
future of the community protected against
the blight of shabby shantytown, it is
necessary to begin at once to educate
the public to support a sound community
program for building and construction:"
he says.
  Dr. Colbert suggests two courses of ac-
tion: (1) creation of local committees on
building and construction aimed at
achieving maximum stability in construc-
tion, and (2) home planners' institutes
to help educate the public in intelligent
home construction and modernization.
  compliance with Wisconsin's Citi-
  zenship Day law of 1939.
  All of these enterprises may not be
put into action at once, but all might
well be considered in developing plans
for better living in our Wisconsin com-
munities. They may well enlist the
thoughtful interest of all community
groups and leaders.
  The University's bureau of commu-
nity development is Wisconsin's newest
expression of a long-standing motto
that the boundaries of the campus are
the boundaries of the state.

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