University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The University of Wisconsin Collection

Page View

Lochner, Louis P. (ed.) / Wisconsin alumni magazine
Volume 12, Number 2 (Nov. 1910)

Elliott, Edward C.
The training of teachers,   pp. [51]-54


Page [51]


Volume XII               Madison, Wis., November, 1910            Number
2
            THE TRAINING OF TEACHERS
                          By EDWARD C. ELLIOTT
               Director of the Course for the Training of Teachers
      Under the present circumstances, the State of Wisconsin calls each
year
    for five hundred new teachers for its public high schools. One-third,
of the
    entire teaching force of the schools retire from service each year. The
    situation in Wisconsin is typical of American educaLon.    This means
a
    stupendous educational waste.   The conservation of the resources of
edu-
    cation is as important to the state as the conservation of the resources
of
    nature. Lumber, water and phosphate areono more valuable as social assets
    than 'capacity, ambition and usefulness of boys and girls.  The great,
ob-
    stacle to educational conservation is the lack of a trained and permanent
    body of teachers.
    c     HE   making of teachers
    JL     has been    one of the
           chief recognized activi-
           ties of the college and
           the   university   since
           even    the   mediaeval
           period, when these in-
stitutions began to take on the form
and   character which    they  now
have. The early academic degrees
were certificates of proficiency for
teaching, or as we might say, li-
censes to teach. Partly from the
inertia that things established have,
and partly the necessity of human
affairs, higher educational founda-
tions, half conscious only of the
end, went on for several centuries
preparing   men    to  teach. The
modern college and university in-
herited, and have continued to ex-
ercise, the ancient privilege accord-
ing to the ancient formula. In re-
cent years, however, under the.
stress of a democracy to be edu-
cated, and through the stimulus of
a new science that claims the title
Education, a widespread awaken-
ing, has taken place, which has
caused our colleges and universities
to go about this important business
of teacher preparation in a manner
far more direct and purposeful.
It is well nigh superfluous to say
that the University of Wisconsin
has been affected in many ways by
the progressive movements follow-
ing the awakening.
   The foundation charter of the
 university  (1848) provided     for
 four departments: Literature, Sci-
 ence and the Arts; Law; Medicine;
 and Theory and Practice of' Ele-
 mentary   Instruction. This    was
 before the day of the normal schools
 and high hopes were entertained


Go up to Top of Page