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Landmark Research, Inc. / An analysis of Dane County Lakeview Sanatorium property, 1202-1206 Northport Drive, Madison, Wisconsin
(September 21, 1988)

Appendix C,   pp. 252-265

Page 257

3 "8. Significance 
Period        Areas ofSignificance--Check and justify below 
-   prehistoric - archeology-prehistoric  community planning  - landscape
architecture  religion 
1400-1499        archeology-historic   conservation     __ law          
      - science 
1500-1599        agriculture         - economics        -   literature  
1600-1699        architecture          education            military    
     X social! 
- 1700-1799      art                 - engineering          music       
    1800-1899 __ commerce              exploration/settlement - philosophy
    - theater 
X   1900-      - communications        industry             politics/government
- transportation 
      - other (specify) 
Specific dates 19l8-231             Builder/Architect 
Statement of Significance (in one paragraph) 
Constructed between 1918 and 1923, the Pureair Sanatorium is significant
as a representa- 
tive of the fight against tuberculosis in the northern tier of Wisconsin
counties.   It is 
also significant as an early example of a regional health care unit shared
by three 
counties: Ashland, Bayfield and Iron. 
In 1918, work began on the Trn-County Pureair Sanatorium after years of exhaustive
ing by Ashland physician, Dr. Matthew S. Hosmer. Aware of the importance
of the isola- 
tion of infected individuals as the key to reducing the spread of tuberculosis,
had traveled throughout the Chequamegon Bay region since the late 1890s trying
to con- 
vince area residents of the need for a TB sanatorium. However, no single
county could 
afford to construct and maintain a sanatorium and since state law forbade
between counties on such matters, Hosmer faced something of a dilemma. This
was finally 
overcome in 1915 with the passing of special legislation to allow for the
and maintenance of district sanatorium hospitals.2 Pureair was the first
of only two 
sanatoriums to be built as a result of this change in state law, the other
Sunny~4e, jointly administered by Winnebago and Fond du Lac counties.   
 J14jO.-"A   - OA s ' 
                       V i tAA                                          
The Pureair Sanatorium opened on July 12, 1920 with every bed filled although
the build- 
ing was only half-finished, such was the demand for a bedrest facility for
TB in the area. 
Ashland, Bayfield, and Iron counties had a high incidence of the disease,
resulting from 
poor sanitation, health care and nutrition in the reg3*on., Consumption,
as it was often 
called, was widespread among the Chippewas on the Bad River reservation in
Ashland County 
and the Red Cliff reservation in Bayfield County. Tuberculosis was also the
major killer 
of iron miners on the Penokee and Gogebic Ranges 'in Iron County, referred
to locally as 
the "black belt." "Loggers" were also victims of the
disease though it was not specific 
to any occupational type. By 1921, the county boards agreed to expand the
sanatorium to 
meet the treatment needs of World War I veterans who-had contracted the disease
The 32-bed addition was completed in 1923.3 
In the early years of the sanatorium's operation, the only known treatment
for tuberculosis 
was to subject the patient to several years of isolation. Initial care consisted
of near 
total bedrest. Fresh air was also considered crucial to the treatment and
"cure" of the 
disease and it was for this reason that there is an abundance of window openings.4
Ashland Daily, Press, July 12 and September 2, 1920, p. 1 and the Iron River
  August 16, 1979, p. 4. 
-Report of the State Board of Health, Madison, Wisconsin, 1916-17, pp. 12
& 13. 
31ron River Pioneer, August 16, 1979, p. 4. 
4Harold Holand, House of Open Doors, Milwaukee: Wisconsin Anti-tuberculosis
  Association, 1958, p. 138. 

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