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Athenaeus of Naucratis / The deipnosophists, or, Banquet of the learned of Athenæus
volume III (1854)

Book XIV,   pp. 978-1062

Page 1016

The laurel shade of the thick leafy grove, 
Striking the clear three-corner'd pectis, and 
Raising responsive airs upon the magadis, 
While flutes in Persian manner neatly join'd 
Accompany the chorus. 
And Phillis the Delian, in the second book of his treatise on 
Music, also asserts that the pectis is different from the ma- 
gadis. And his words are these-" There are the phoenices, 
the pectides, the magadides, the sambucce, the iambycme, the 
triangles, the clepsiambi, the scindapsi, the nine-string." For, 
he says that " the lyre to which they sang iambics, they called 
the iambyea, and the instrument to which they sang them 
in such a manner as to vary the metre a little, they called 
the clepsiambus,l while the magadis was an instrument utter- 
ing a diapason sound, and equally in tune for every portion 
of the singers. And besides these there were instruments 
of other kinds also; for there was the barbitos, or barmus, 
and many others, some with strings, and some with sounding- 
. 39. There were also some instruments besides those which 
were blown into, and those which were used with different 
strings, which gave forth only sounds of a simple nature, 
such as the castanets (KpE/3cLaXa), which are mentioned by 
Dicrearchus, in his essay on the Manners and Customs of 
Greece, where he says, that formerly certain instruments 
were in very frequent use, in order to accompany women 
while dancing and singing; and when any one touched these 
instruments with their fingers they uttered a shrill sound. 
And he says that this is plainly shown in the hymn to 
Diana, which begins thus- 
Diana, now my mind will have me utter 
A pleasing song in honour of your deity, 
While this my comrade strikes with nimble hand 
The well-gilt brazen-sounding castanets. 
And Hermippus, in his play called The Gods, gives the word 
for rattling the castanets, KpE/u,8aXLvEty, saying- 
And beating down the limpets from the rocks, 
They make a noise like castanets (Kpeju,6axf(oveL). 
But Didymus says, that some people, instead of the lyre, are 
in the habit of striking oyster-shells and cockle-shells against 
1 From icxe7rvw, to steal,-to injure privily. 
[B. XI'V'. 

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