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Athenaeus of Naucratis / The deipnosophists, or, Banquet of the learned of Athenæus
volume III (1854)

Book XIII,   pp. 888-978


Page 898

And some one else added the following lines from Euripides- 
But you, 0 mighty Love, of gods and men 
: The sovereign ruler, either bid withat's fair 
To seem no longer fair; or else bring aid 
To hapless lovers whom you've caused to love, 
And aid the labours you yourself have prompted. 
If you do this, the gods will honour you; 
But if you keep aloof, you will not even 
Retain the gratitude which now they feel 
For having learnt of you the way to love. 1 
12.. And Pontianus said that Zeno the Cittioean thought 
that Love was the God of Friendship and Liberty, and 
also that he was the great author of concord among men; 
but that he had no other office. On which account, he 
says in his Polity, that Love is a God, being one who co- 
operates in securing the safety of the city. And the philo- 
sophers, also, who preceded him considered Love a venerable 
Deity, removed from everything discreditable: and this is 
plain from their having set up holy statues in his honour in 
their Gymnasia, along with those of Mercury and Hercules- 
the one of whom is the patron of eloquence, and the other of 
valour. And when these are united, friendship and unanimity 
are engendered; by means of which the most perfect liberty 
is secured to those who excel in these practices. But the 
Athenians were so far from thinking that Love presided over 
the gratification of the mere sensual appetites, that, though 
the Academy was manifestly consecrated to Minerva, they yet 
erected in that place also a statue of Love, and sacrificed to it. 
The Thespians also celebrate Erotidia, or festivals of Love, 
just as the Athenians do Athenaea, or festivals of Minerva, 
and as the Eleans celebrate the Olympian festivals, and the 
Rhodians the iahkan.   And in the public sacrifices, every- 
where almost, Love is honoured.  And the Lacedoemonians 
offer sacrifices to Love before they go to battle, thinking that 
safety and victory depend on the friendship of those who 
stand side by side in the battle array. And the Cretans, in 
their line of battle, adorn the handsomest of their citizens, 
and employ them to offer sacrifices to Love on behalf of the 
state, as Sosicrates relates. And the regiment among the 
Thebans which is called the Sacred Band, is wholly com- 
posed of mutual lovers, indicating the majesty of the God, as 
I From the Andromeda. 
[B. :X:1v 
;.898 
THE DEIPNOSO'PHISTS. 


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