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Athenaeus of Naucratis / The deipnosophists, or, Banquet of the learned of Athenæus
volume III (1854)

Book XIV,   pp. 978-1062

Page 1007

preserved now among any other people of 'Greece; and since 
that has fallen into disuse, their wars also have been brought 
to a conclusion; but it continues in use among the Lacedve- 
monians alone, being a sort of prelude preparatory to war: 
and all who are more than five years old in Sparta learn 
to dance the.Pyrrhic dance. 
But the Pyrrhic dance as it exists in our time, appears to 
be a sort of Bacchic dance, and a, little more pacific than the 
old one; for the dancers carry thyrsi instead of spears, and 
they point and dart canes at one another, and carry torches. 
And they dance in figures having reference to Bacchus, and 
to the Indians, and to the story of Pentheus: and they re- 
quire for the Pyrrhic dance the most beautiful airs, and what 
are called the " stirring " tunes. 
*30. But the Gymnopoedica resembles the dance which by 
the ancients used, to be called Anapale; for all the boys dance 
naked, performing some kind of movement in regular time, 
and with gestures of the hand like those used by wrestlers: 
so that the dancers exhibit a sort of spectacle akin to the 
palestra and to the pancratium, moving their feet in regular 
time. And the different modes of dancing it are called the 
Oschophoricus,l and the Bacchic, so that this kind of dance, 
too, has some reference to Bacchus. But Aristoxenus says that 
the ancients, after they had exercised themselves in the Gym- 
nopcedica, turned to the Pyrrhic dance before they entered 
the theatre: and the Pyrrhic dance is also called the Cheiro- 
nomia. But the Hyporchematic dance is that in which the 
chorus dances while singing. Accordingly Bacchylides says- 
There's no room now for sitting down, 
There's no room for delay. 
And Pindar says- 
The Lacednmonian troop of maidens fair. 
And the Lacedeemonians dance this dance in Pindar. And 
the Hyporchematica is a dance of men and women. Now the 
best modes are those which combine dancing with the singing; 
and they are these-the Prosodiacal, the Apostolical (whicli 
last is also called vapevtog), and others of the same kind. And 
some danced to the hymn and some did not; and some danced 
in accompaniment to hymns to Venus and Bacchus, and to 
the Pecan, dancing at one time and resting at another. - Andc 
From oa'xq, a vine-branch with grapes on it, and cpiw, to bear. 
c. 3 0. J 

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