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Athenaeus of Naucratis / The deipnosophists, or, Banquet of the learned of Athenæus
volume III (1854)

Book XIV,   pp. 978-1062

Page 1013

could so easily divine the meanings of poems,) when ex- 
plaining this verse, affirms that the magadis was a kind of 
flute: though Aristoxenus does not say so either in his 
treatise on the Flute-players or in that on Flutes and other 
Musical Instruments; nor does Archestratus either,-and he 
also wrote two books on Flute-players; nor has Pyrrhander 
said so in his work on Flute-players; nor Phillis the Delian, 
-for he also wrote a treatise on Flute-players, and so did 
Euphranor.   But Tryphon, in the second book of his essay 
on Names, speaks thus-"The flute called magadis." And 
in another place he says-" The magadis gives a shrill 
and deep tone at the same time, as Anaxandrides inti- 
mates in his Man fighting in heavy Armour, where we find 
the line- 
I will speak to you like a magadis$ 
In soft and powerful sounds at the same time, 
And, my dear Masurius, there is no one else except you who 
can solve this difficulty for me. 
36. And Masurius replied-Didymus the grammarian, in 
his work entitled Interpretations of the Plays of Ion different 
from the Interpretations of others, says, my good friend 
Azmilianus, that by the term ,jia&Taot a-tv3o he understands 
the instrument which is also called KLOapo-1r 'ptog; which is 
mentioned by Aristoxenus in the first book of his treatise on 
the Boring of Flutes; for there he says that there are five 
kinds of flutes; the parthenius, the poedicus, the cithariste- 
rius, the perfect, and the superperfect. And he says that Ion 
has omitted the conjunction -e improperly, so that we are to 
understand by yacya8tg av'AO the flute which accompanies the 
magadis; for the magadis is a stringed (qaXTuXoiv) instrument, 
as Anacreon tells us, and it was invented by the Lydians, on 
-which account Ion, in his Omphale, calls the Lydian women 
Xgrptat, as playing on stringed instruments, in the following 
But come, ye Lydian *JadXTpiat, and singing 
Your ancient hymns, do honour to this stranger. 
But Theophilus the comic poet, in his Neoptolemus, calls 
playing on the magadis paya&tCiV, saying- 
It may be that a worthless son may sing 
His father or his mother on the magadis (ua-/aVCEw), 

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