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Athenaeus of Naucratis / The deipnosophists, or, Banquet of the learned of Athenæus
volume III (1854)

Book XIV,   pp. 978-1062

Page 1008

among the barbarians as well as among the Greeks there are 
respectable dances and also indecorous ones. Now the Cordax 
among the Greeks is an indecorous dance, but the Emmelea 
is a respectable one: as is among the Arcadians the Cidaris, 
and among the Sicyonians the Aleter; and it is called Aleter 
also in Ithaca, as Aristoxenus relates in the first book of 
his History of Sicyon. And this appears enough to say at 
present on the subject of dances. 
31. Now formerly decorum was carefully attended to in 
music, and everything in this art had its suitable and appro- 
priate ornament: on which account there were separate flutes 
for each separate kind of harmony; and every flute-player 
had flutes adapted to each kind of harmony in their contests. 
But PronomuLs the Theban was the first man who played the 
three different kinds of harmony already mentioned on the 
same flute. But now people meddle with music in a random 
and inconsiderate manner. And formerly, to be popular with 
the vulgar was reckoned a certain sign of a want of real skill: 
on which account Asopodorus the Phliasian, when some flute- 
player was once being much applauded while he himself was 
remaining in the hyposcenium,' said-" What is all this? the 
man has evidently committed some great blunder: "-as else 
he could not possibly have been so much approved of by the 
mob. But I am aware that some people tell this story as if 
it were Antigenides who said this. But in our days artists 
make the objects of their art to be the gaining the applause 
of the spectators in the theatre; on which account Aris- 
toxenus, in his book entitled Promiscuous Banquets, says- 
" We act in a manner similar to the people of Puestum, who 
dwell in the Tyrrhenian Gulf; for it happened to them, 
though they were originally Greeks, to have become at last 
completely barbarised, becoming Tyrrhenians or Romans, and 
to have changed their language, and all the rest of their 
national habits. But one Greek festival they do celebrate 
even to the present day, in which they meet and recollect all 
their ancient names and customs, and bewail their loss to one 
another, and then, when they have wept for them, they go 
home. And so," says he, "s we also, since the theatres have 
become completely barbarised, and since music has become 
entirely ruined and vulgar, we, being but a few, will recal to 
1 It is not known what part of the theatre this was. 

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