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Ringler, Dick / Beowulf: A New Translation for Oral Delivery (May 2005)

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I

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2c1a When Scyld Scefing's
2b2- ship had set sail,
2e1a leaving behind
2b2a the land of the Danes,
+1d1 they crowned Beowulf
110 2b2- king in his stead
3b1b and for many years
++1a1a(i) he remained their leader.
3b1a His highborn son
2a1a(iii) Healfdene followed
2b2a and ruled in his turn
+1a1a(i) the realm of Denmark,
3e1 fathering four
2a1a(i) famous children
3b*1b who were given by God
120 2c1b to this great war-king:
----- Heorogar, Hrothgar,
2e1a Halga the Good,
2c1b and a blithe daughter,
+1a1a(ii) the bride of Onela,
1d1 sweet bedfellow
3b1b of the Swedish king.
1a*1a(i) Glory in battle
+1a*1a(i) was given to Hrothgar,
2e1a fortune in war,
130 3b2b so his followers all
+2a1a(i) obeyed him gladly
2b1b and his band of young
2e1a comrades increased.
3b2b It occurred to him then
++1a1a(i) to command a mighty
2e1b meadhall to be built,
1a*1a(i) richer and rarer
2b1b than the race of men
3b1a had ever seen
140 2b1a on earth before,
3b1c and in that stately hall
3b1b to distribute all
3f1a the gifts God
d1a had given him,
3b1c except for public land
3b1a and people's lives.
+2e1b They tell us he assigned
+1a1a(i) the task of building
+2a1a(iii) that marvelous meadhall
150 +2a1a(i) to many races
2b1b from around the earth.
2c1a It rose quickly,
2e1b soaring to the clouds,
+1a1b(i) and soon it was finished,
1a*1a(i) noblest of buildings.
+2a1a(i) He named it Heorot,
2b1b he whose word and will
+1a1a(i) had wide dominion.
2b2a He stood by his vow,
160 +3e1 distributing gold
2b1b from the hoard, while high
2b1b overhead the great
2a1a(i) wooden rafters
2e1a waited for floods
+1a1b(i) of fire to enfold them,
3b1b for the fated day
3b1b when the tragic hate
2c1a of two in-laws
2b2a would flash into flame,
170 2c1b into fierce warfare.
2c1a A dread demon
+1a1b(i) who dwelt in the shadows
2e1a daily endured
3e1 desperate pain,
+1a1a(i) obliged to listen
2c1b to the bright music
3b*1a of heroes in hall,
2c1a the harp ringing
++1a1b(i) to the song of the singer
180 1a*1a(i) singing the story
+1a1a(i) of earth's creation
2e1a ages ago,
3b1b how almighty God
1a1a(ii) made this glorious
1a1a(i) world of wonders
2b2- washed by the sea,
2b1b how he set on high
2b1a the sun and moon
3b1b as undying lights
190 3b*1a for dwellers on earth
+1a1a(i) and trimmed the distant
2b2- tracts of the world
3b*1a with branches and leaves,
3e1 bringing forth life
3b1a in every kind
+2a1a(i) of earthly creature.
3b1a Thus Hrothgar's thanes
2e1a reveled in joys,
1a*1a(i) feasting and drinking,
200 2c1c until their foe started
a1c his persecutions,
3b*1a a creature of hell.
1a*1a(i) Grendel, they called him,
2c1a this grim spoiler,
3b*1a a demon who prowled
+1d1 the dark borderlands,
1a1a(i) moors and marshes,
+2a1a(iii) a man-eating giant
2b2b who had lived in a lair
210 ++1a1a(i) in the land of monsters
2e1a ever since God
d1a had outlawed him
2b2a along with the rest
2b1b of the line of Cain.
2a1a(i) Abel's murder
3b*1a had angered the Lord,
2b1b who avenged that deed
+3e*1 of violence on Cain,
3e1 driving him far
220 3b*1b from the dwellings of men.
1a1a(i) Spooks and spirits
2b2a are spawned from his seed,
1a1a(i) elves and goblins
3b1a and evil ghouls
2c1b and those bold giants
2b2b who rebelled against God,
1a*1a(i) asking for trouble.
2b2a They earned their reward!

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