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Ringler, Dick / Beowulf: A New Translation for Oral Delivery (May 2005)

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XVI

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1a1b(i) Next, in the meadhall,
2100 3b2b the munificent king
2c1b gave some old heirlooms,
2a1a(iii) exquisite treasures,
+3e1 to Beowulf's band
+1d1 of bold followers,
3b*1a and promised besides
+1a1b(i) to pay compensation
2b2a in gold for the one
1a*1a(i) Grendel had murdered,
++1a1a(i) as he meant to murder
2110 2a1a(i) many others,
2c1b if that great hand-grip
2c1a and God's wisdom
d1b had allowed him to.
+1a1a(i) The Lord disposes
2e1a all things on earth
3b1a and always will;
2a1a(i) foresight, therefore,
3b*1a and forethought are best,
+2a1a(i) and mental balance,
2120 +1a1b(i) since men who inhabit
+1d*1(i) this weary war-ravaged
1a1a(ii) world experience
2a1a(i) many good things---
2c1a and much evil.
2c1- Old Hrothgar,
2b1b who an age ago
2b2a had fought to support
+2a1a(ii) his father Healfdene,
2b2a was served at the feast
2130 +1a1a(i) with song and story:
3e1 harp music rang
2c1b through the high rafters
2c1b when the court poet
3b*1a recounted the tale
+1a1a(i) of Finn the Frisian
2c1b and the fierce Danish
3e1 champion Hnæf,
2c1c who with his choice war-band
2b1b was attacked by Finn
2140 ++1a1a(i) on a trip to Frisia.
+1d1 The fair Hildeburh,
2c1- Finn's consort
2c1a and Hnæf's sister,
2b1b had no need to praise
2b2a the truth of the Jutes
2c1b when her two loved ones,
+1a1a(i) her son and brother,
+1a1a(i) were slain together
3b1a by wrathful swords.
2150 2c1c What a bereaved lady!
3b1a When daybreak came
3b*1a the daughter of Hoc
3b*1a had reason to curse
+2a1a(ii) her wretched destiny,
3b1b when she saw them lie
2a1a(i) slaughtered, kinsmen
+1a1a(i) she loved more deeply
+1a1a(i) than life or any
2e1a treasure on earth.
2160 2b1b The attack left Finn
+1a1a(i) with just a handful
3b1b of his Jutish troops,
2b1a too few by far
2c1b to defeat Hengest,
+2a1a(i) the Danish leader
2b1c after the death of Hnæf,
+1a1a(i) or end the stand-off
3b*1a by ousting the Danes
a1c from their entrenchment.
2170 +1a1a(i) So terms were offered:
e1b that a hall
+2e1b and high-seat should be cleared
2b2b for the Danes who survived;
2b1c that in the days ahead
3f1d they should have the same rights
2b2b as the sons of the Jutes;
++1a1a(i) and that Finn the Frisian,
3e1 Folcwalda's son,
+2a1a(i) should treat them daily
2180 +1a*1b to treasure in abundance,
3b1b giving Hengest's men
2a1a(i) handsome presents
3b1a of burnished gold
3b1b in the banquet hall,
1a*1a(i) presents as lavish
3b*1d as it was his practice to give
3b*1a his Frisians and Jutes
+1a1a(i) to fire their courage.
2b1a A pact of peace
2190 3b1a was promptly sealed
2c1a by both parties.
1a1a(i) Brave but fated,
1a1a(i) Finn gave Hengest
2b2- firm guarantees
2b1c that he would treat the Danes
2c1a with tact, wisdom
3b*1a and noble restraint,
2c1b and that no Frisian
3b*1b would endanger the pact
2200 2b1a by deed or word,
+1a1a(i) nor, moved by malice,
2b1a would mock the Danes
+1a*1b for living in allegiance
2c1b to their lord's killer,
+1a1a(i) since fate had clearly
1a*1a(i) forced them to do so.
1a1a(i) If, however,
2a1a(i) any Frisian
+2a1a(i) should ever mention
2210 2c1a the old conflict,
3f1b then the sword's edge
+2a1a(i) must settle matters.
3b1a A solemn oath
+1a1a(i) was sworn and treasure
2b2a was brought from the hoard.
+1a*1a(i) The body of Denmark's
1d1 lost champion
2b2a was laid on the pyre,
2b2b where the eye could behold
2220 2a1a(i) iron helmets
+1a*1a(i) emblazoned with golden
1d1 boar images,
2a1a(i) bloody mailcoats,
3b*1a and, battered and torn,
+1a1a(i) a mound of corpses,
3b*1a for many had died.
3e1 Hildeburh asked
3b1b that her hapless son
3b1b should be lifted up
2230 2b1a to lie by Hnæf,
2b2b that his corpse should be burnt
2c1a to cold ashes
3b1b by his uncle's side.
+2e1b She uttered a lament
2c1b as his loved body
2b2a was laid on the pyre.
3b1a Soon ruddy flames
2b2- roared at the foot
2c1b of the black barrow,
2240 2c1a while blood spurted
3b1b from reopened wounds
+1a1a(i) or oozed from gashes
2c1a and heads melted.
3b1a The hungry flames
2a1a(ii) battened greedily
d1b on the battle-dead
2c1a of both peoples;
+1a1b(i) their bloom was extinguished.

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