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Ringler, Dick / Beowulf: A New Translation for Oral Delivery (May 2005)

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II

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3b1a When darkness came
230 3b*1a the demon set out
3b1b for the silent hall
2b2a to see how the Danes
+2a1a(ii) had bedded down in it
d1c after their beer-drinking.
2b1b They were sound asleep,
1a*1a(i) sated and carefree
a1c after the banquet,
+1a1a(ii) a band of warriors
2a1a(iii) slumbering softly
240 3b*1b without sorrow or dread.
3b*1b He attacked them at once
+2a1a(iii) with terrible swiftness,
1d*1(i) grimly, greedily
2e1b grabbing from their beds
1a*1a(i) thirty unlucky
2b2- thanes of the king,
1d*1(i) gloating, glorying
3b1b in the grisly deed,
3b1a then shambling home
250 3b1b with his shameful spoil.
2e1b Later, in the grey
1a1a(i) light of morning,
+1d1 his vast violence
2b1b was revealed to men.
2e1a Weeping was heard
++1a1a(i) in the wake of laughter,
2e1b noises of lament.
2a1a(i) Noble Hrothgar,
+1a1a(i) the best of rulers,
260 2b1a sat bowed with grief,
1a1b(i) dazed by the dreadful
2b2- death of his friends,
++1a1b(i) while he gazed at the ghastly
3e1 gore-spattered track
1a1b(i) left by the monster.
3b*1a That lethal assault
2b2a by night was his first,
2c1b but the next evening
2c1b he again raided
270 2c1a the great meadhall
2a1a(iii) murdering many
1d1 men brutally,
1d*1(i) prowling pitiless
d1b and impenitent.
d1a And afterward
3b*1b it was easy enough
2c1a to find heroes
2c1b who preferred sleeping
d1b in the outbuildings,
280 3b1b once the evil fiend's
2e1a mayhem was made
3e*1 manifest to all,
+1a1b(i) the marks of his malice:
2b2- men who escaped
+2a1a(i) those cruel clutches
+2a1a(i) found quarters elsewhere.
+1a*1a(i) The ruthless marauder
2a1a(i) ravaged Heorot,
1a1b(i) one against many,
290 2c1c until the wide ale-hall
2b1b stood unused at night.
3f1b As the years passed
3b1a the Danish king
+1a*1a(i) sank deeper in sorrow;
3b1c it was a tragic time,
2c1- twelve winters.
+2a1a(i) The ogre's evil
2b1a went on so long
2b2a that news of his raids
300 +1d1 was known everywhere,
2e1a leaping from land
2b1a to land in songs,
3b1a how Grendel warred
1a*1a(i) grimly with Hrothgar,
2a1a(iii) fought with him fiercely,
2a1a(i) feuded season
2c1b after sad season,
1a1a(i) sought no parley
2b1a of peace, no pact
310 3b1b with the prostrate Danes,
2b2b and was deaf to demands
d1b for indemnity;
+1d1 the king's councilors
2b2b had no cause to expect
1a1b(i) rich reparation
3b2b from the ravager's hoard!
+1a1a(i) Instead the monster
1a1a(i) stalked and slaughtered
2e1a old men and young,
320 +2a1a(ii) an eerie death-shadow
2e1a lurking at night,
1a*1a(i) lying in ambush
3b1b on the misty moors.
2b2- Men never know
+3e1 where wandering fiends
2b2- wait in the dark!
+1a1a(ii) And so the sinister
2e1a slayer of men
1a1a(i) roamed in blackness
330 3b*1a and reveled in crime,
3e*1 ravaging the hall,
1a*1a(i) ranging its shadows
3f1a and dim depths
2b1b in the dead of night,
2c1b for the Lord never
3b*1a allowed him the joy
2c1b of that bright building
2c1a in broad daylight.
3b1c It was a cruel fate
340 2b2b for the king of the Danes,
3e*1 misery of mind!
2c1a His men often
+1a*1a(i) assembled in council,
2e1a seeking a way
2c1a to end Grendel's
2e1a evil attacks
+2a1a(i) and sudden onslaughts.
1a*1a(i) Sometimes they practiced
2a1a(i) demon worship
350 2c1a at dark altars,
2a1a(ii) offered sacrifice,
1a1a(i) asked the Devil,
d1a the soul-slayer,
3b1a to send them help
3b1b in their dreadful need:
+2a1a(iii) a damnable custom,
+1a1a(i) the hope of heathens.
1a1b(i) Hell had possession
3b1b of their erring minds;
360 d1b they were ignorant
2b1b of the Light of life,
+1a1a(i) the Lord almighty,
2b1b and of how to pray
3b1a to heaven's King,
+1a1a(i) the God of glory.
2b2- Grim is the lot
3b1a of heedless men
2b1a who hurl their souls
2b1c into the clutch of fire,
370 +3e1 who cut themselves off
+1a1a(i) from grace forever!
3e*1 Glorious the lot
2b2a of men who rely
3b*1c on the Almighty for peace
2c1b and who find mercy
3b1b in the Father's arms.

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