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Joyce, James / A first-draft version of Finnegans wake
(1963)

Reader's key,   pp. 44-45 PDF (83.4 KB)


Page 44

 READER'S KEY ** * * * 
1. All of Joyce's additions are in italics. 
2. Joyce's additions to additions are in brackets. Thus a second-level addition
will be within one set of brackets, a third-level addition within two sets
of brackets, etc. In the following example we have a first-level addition
from "up jump - . - pumpim"; a second-level addition in "like as"; a third-level
addition from "he cry - . - Yurep"; and a fourth-level addition in "Ap":
up jump & pumpt pumpim, [like as [he cry to the Willingdone. [Ap] Bakkarru
Pukkarru! Pukka Yurep!]] 
3. Joyce's cancellations are crossed out. A series of words crossed out separately
indicates consecutive cancellation. 
4. Joyce's substitutions are in bold face. 
5. Joyce's substitutions within substituted material are in pointed brackets.
Thus a second-level substitution will be within one set of pointed brackets,
a third-level within two sets of pointed brackets, etc. The whole of the
following example is substituted for a cancellation. "That" is a second level
substitution for "the"; "of an earthenborn pan" is replaced by "of his flowerwhite
body," another second level substitution; "a" is a third level substitution
for "his." 
 But, to, as you would quaffoff of his fraudstuff and sink teeth through
the (that) pyth oJ—an~-ear-thenborn pan (of his (a) flowerwhite body)
behold of him nowhere more. 
6. Substitutions made within additions or additions made within substitutions
are in heavy italics. (See 5 for example.) 
7. Words which would ordinarily be bracketed as doubtful are marked with
an asterisk. 
8. Joyce's own italics are indicated by underscoring. 
9. The end of each manuscript page is noted in the margin. It is marked in
the text with a §. The end of each Finnegans Wake page is also noted
in the margin. It is marked in the text with a 


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