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Icelandic Online Dictionary and Readings

Sverrir Hólmarsson; Sanders, Christopher; Tucker, John / Íslensk-ensk orğabók (1989)

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Declension of Pronouns

Personal pronouns

1st person 2nd person
sg pl pl sg pl pl
(formal) (formal)
nom ég viğ vér şú şiğ şér
acc mig okkur oss şig ykkur yğur
dat mér okkur oss şér ykkur yğur
gen mín okkar vor şín ykkar yğar
3rd person Reflexive
sg pl
m f n m f n
nom hann hún şağ şeir şær şau nom -
acc hann hana şağ şá şær şau acc sig
dat honum henni şví şeim şeim şeim dat sér
gen hans hennar şess şeirra şeirra şeirra gen sín

Possessive pronouns

sg pl
m f n m f n
nom minn mín mitt mínir mínar mín
acc minn mína mitt mína mínar mín
dat mínum minni mínu mínum mínum mínum
gen míns minnar míns minna minna minna
nom vor vor vort vorir vorar vor
acc vorn vora vort vora vorar vor
dat vorum vorri voru vorum vorum vorum
gen vors vorrar vors vorra vorra vorra

şinn and sinn are declined as minn. The only other possessive pronouns are the indeclinable genitives of the personal pronouns, hans, hennar, şess; okkar, ykkar, (yğar), şeirra. These are used when the subject of the sentence and the antecedent of the possessive are not the same.

  [p. 43]  

Demonstrative pronouns

sg pl
m f n m f n
nom şağ şeir şær şau
acc şann şá şağ şá şær şau
dat şeim şeirri şví şeim şeim şeim
gen şess şeirrar şess şeirra şeirra şeirra
nom şessi şessi şetta şessir şessar şessi
acc şennan şessa şetta şessa şessar şessi
dat şessum şessari şessu şessum şessum şessum
gen şessa şessarar şessa şessara şessara şessara
nom hinn hin hitt hinir hinar hin
acc hinn hina hitt hina hinar hin
dat hinum hinni hinu hinum hinum hinum
gen hins hinnar hins hinna hinna hinna

hinn as a definite article is declined as above, but has hiğ in the nom n sg and nom.

Interrogative pronouns

sg pl
m f n m f n
nom hver hver hvağ hverjir hverjar hver
hvert
acc hvern hverja hvağ hverja hverjar hver
hvert
dat hverjum hverri hverju hverjum hverjum hverjum
gen hvers hverrar hvers hverra hverra hverra

hvağ is used when the antecedent is a noun and means what. hvert is used in place of an adjective and is glossed as which. While hver means who or which of many, hvor (hvor, hvort) means who or which of the two. The latter is declined like the possessive pronoun vor.

Indefinite pronouns

sg pl
m f n m f n
nom nokkur nokkur nokkuğ nokkrir nokkrar nokkur
nokkurt
acc nokkurn nokkra nokkuğ nokkra nokkrar nokkur
nokkurt
dat nokkrum nokkurri nokkru nokkrum nokkrum nokkrum
gen nokkurs nokkurrar nokkurs nokkurra nokkurra nokkurra
nom enginn engin ekkert engir engar engin
acc engan enga ekkert enga engar engin
dat engum engri engu engum engum engum
gen einskis engrar einskis engra engra engra   [p. 44]  
nom ımis ımis ımist ımsir ımsar ımis
acc ımsan ımsa ımist ımsa ımsar ımis
dat ımsum ımissi ımsu ımsum ımsum ımsum
gen ımiss ımissar ımiss ımissa ımissa ımissa
nom báğir báğar bæği
acc báğa báğar bæği
dat báğum báğum báğum
gen beggja beggja beggja

nokkuğ is used in place of a noun and means something while the adjectival variant nokkurt means some or any. einhver is declined like the interrogative pronoun hver. neinn is declined like the number einn.


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