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Icelandic Online Dictionary and Readings

Carry On Icelandic: Culture [selections] (2004)

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Helstu s÷fn - Principal Museums

Helstu s÷fn

Ůjˇ­minjasafni ═slands, sem stofna­ var 1863, eru var­veittar helstu ■jˇ­minjar ■jˇ­arinnar. Ůanga­ er einnig safna­ hvers kyns heimildum um Ýslenska menningars÷gu og upplřsingum um ■jˇ­lÝf og ■jˇ­hŠtti. Auk ■ess var­veita bygg­as÷fn ˙ti ß landi menjar sem tengjast sÚrst÷kum bygg­al÷gum. Ůjˇ­minjasafn ═slands hřsti Listasafn ═slands ■ar til ■a­ flutti Ý eigi­ h˙snŠ­i 1988.

Listasafn ═slands er ■jˇ­listasafn og leggur meginßherslu ß 19. og 20. aldar list, Ýslenska og erlenda. Ůa­ ß merkasta safn Ýslenskra verka hÚr ß landi og eftir alla helstu myndlistarmenn ■jˇ­arinnar.

Color photograph

═ Ůjˇ­arbˇkhl÷­unni er til h˙sa bˇkakostur gamla Landsbˇkasafns og Hßskˇlabˇkasafns (At the National Book Stack is housed books from the former National Library and the University Library).

Ůjˇ­arbˇkhla­an var stofnu­ 1994. H˙n er stŠrsta bˇkasafn landsins og eru ■ar sameinu­ Landsbˇkasafn og bˇkasafn Hßskˇla ═slands. Landsbˇkasafn ═slands - Hßskˇlabˇkasafn er rannsˇknarbˇkasafn. Safni­ er Ý senn ■jˇ­bˇkasafn og bˇkasafn Hßskˇla ═slands. Hlutverk ■ess er m.a. a­ var­veita allt ˙tgefi­ efni ß Ýslensku og a­ vera almennt ˙tlßnasafn sem uppfyllir ■arfir Hßskˇla ═slands hva­ snertir Ýslensk og erlend frŠ­irit. Ůar er sÚrst÷k ■jˇ­deild og handritadeild.

Listasafni ReykjavÝkur ß Kjarvalsst÷­um eru var­veittir listmunir ReykjavÝkurborgar auk glŠsilegrar sřningara­st÷­u sem ■ar er. Kjarvalssta­ir eru nefndir eftir Ýslenska listmßlaranum Jˇhannesi S. Kjarval en hann er einn virtasti listama­ur ■jˇ­arinnar. Hann ßnafna­i ReykjavÝkurborg stˇran hluta listaverka sinna og persˇnulegra eigna ßri­ 1968. SÚrstakar sřningar ß verkum Kjarvals eru haldnar ß Kjarvalsst÷­um ßr hvert.

SÚrstakt Ůjˇ­menningarh˙s var opna­ ßri­ 2000 Ý g÷mlu h˙si sem ß­ur hřsti Landsbˇkasafn ═slands og er tali­ me­ gersemum Ý Ýslenskri byggingars÷gu. ═ Ůjˇ­menningarh˙sinu eru haldnar sřningar er l˙ta a­ menningars÷gu ═slands.

Nřlistasafni­ ß mj÷g stˇrt safn listaverka og heimilda og hefur tekist a­ var­veita einstŠ­an hluta af Ýslenskri listas÷gu. ═ safninu eru verk eftir flesta fÚlaga S┌M hˇpsins auk ■ess sem safni­ ß verk eftir marga helstu yngri listamenn ■jˇ­arinnar og sÝfellt bŠtast vi­ verk. Einnig ß safni­ verk eftir um 50 erlenda listamenn, ■.ß.m. eitt stŠrsta safn verka sem til er eftir ■řsk-svissneska listamanninn Dieter Roth. Íll verk Ý eigu safnsins eru valin af listam÷nnunum sjßlfum, ekki sÚrfrŠ­ingum listastofnana.

Auk ■essa er fj÷ldi minni safna og sřningarsala vÝ­a um land.

Principal Museums

The nation's most significant relics are preserved at the National Museum of Iceland (Ůjˇ­minjasafn ═slands), founded in 1863. All kinds of sources of Icelandic cultural history are also stored there, as well as information about national life and customs. In addition, district museums in the country look after relics which relate especially to social ways in the regions. The National Museum of Iceland housed the National Gallery of Iceland (Listasafn ═slands) until it moved to its own building in 1988.

The National Gallery of Iceland is a museum of national artworks with an emphasis on nineteenth- and twentieth-century art, Icelandic and exotic. It has the largest collection of Icelandic works in the country, by all of the greatest artists of the nation.

The National Book Stack (Ůjˇ­arbˇkhla­an) was established in 1994. It is the largest library in the country and combines the National Library of Iceland and University of Iceland Library. The National Library of Iceland - University Library (Landsbˇkasafn ═slands - Hßsˇlabˇkasafn) is a research library and functions as both the national collection and the library of the University of Iceland. Its main tasks are, amongst other things, to keep all material published in Icelandic and to operate as a general lending library which fulfils the need of the University of Iceland as regards Icelandic and foreign scholarly texts. It has special national and manuscript sections.

The artworks belonging to the City of ReykjavÝk are kept at Kjarvalssta­ir (the ReykjavÝk Art Museum). It also houses a splendid exhibition room. Kjarvalssta­ir is named after the Icelandic painter, Jˇhannes S. Kjarval, one of the most favoured artists of the nation. He bequeathed a large part of his work and personal items to the City of ReykjavÝk in 1968. Special exhibitions of Kjarval's works are held at Kjarvalssta­ir every year.

A special Culture House (Ůjˇ­menningarh˙s) was opened in 2000 in an old building which before housed the National Library of Iceland and which is considered to be amongst the treasures of Iceland's architectural history. The Culture House hold exhibitions which bear upon the cultural history of Iceland.

The Living Art Museum (Nřlistasafni­, lit. the new art museum) is a very large collection of artwork and sources that has managed to preserve a special part of Iceland's art history. The collection includes works by most of the members of the S┌M group, the museum has works by many of the most important young artists in the country, and it constantly adds new works. The museum also holds works by 50 foreign artists, among them one of the world's largest collections of works by the German-Swiss artist Dieter Roth. All the works in the museum's holdings have been chosen by the artists themselves, not the museum's experts.

In addition, there are many smaller museums and exhibition halls throughout the country.

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