University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Icelandic Online Dictionary and Readings

Carry On Icelandic: Culture [selections] (2004)

Previous Previous section

Next section Next



 

Hßtt menntunarstig - High Educational Levels

Hßtt menntunarstig

┴ ═slandi er menntunarstig tilt÷lulega hßtt. Um ■a­ bil 50% hvers ßrgangs lj˙ka st˙dentsprˇfi, 16% ═slendinga ß aldrinum 25-64 ßra hafa loki­ hßskˇlaprˇfi. Auk ■ess hafa ÷nnur 16% loki­ sÚrskˇlamenntun ß hßskˇlastigi.

Color photograph

Kynning ß framhaldsnßmi fyrir almenning vi­ Hßskˇla ═slands (Further studies being introduced to the public at the University of Iceland).

┴ sÝ­ari ßrum hafa ■ekking og rannsˇknir Ý auknum mŠli or­i­ grundv÷llur ver­mŠtask÷punar. ═ sta­ ■ess a­ treysta nŠr eing÷ngu ß au­lindir, einkum gj÷ful fiskimi­ og nŠga orku sem framlei­a mß me­ vatnsafli og jar­hita, beina ═slendingar n˙ sjˇnum sÝnum a­ nřjum m÷guleikum ß svi­i lÝftŠknii­na­ar, hugb˙na­ar, t÷lvuvinnslu og lyfjaframlei­slu.

Ůekktasta og umdeildasta dŠmi­ um slÝkan ■ekkingari­na­ er fyrirtŠki­ ═slensk erf­agreining. Ůa­ starfar a­ erf­arannsˇknum og meingenagreiningu Ý samvinnu vi­ erlenda fjßrfesta. Me­ rannsˇknum ß svi­i erf­agreiningar er Štlunin a­ ■rˇa nř lyf og a­fer­ir vi­ a­ lŠkna og fyrirbyggja arfgenga sj˙kdˇma. ═slensk erf­agreining hefur fengi­ einkaleyfi til a­ starfrŠkja stˇran mi­lŠgan gagnagrunn sem Ý ß a­ safna heilsufarsupplřsingum allra ═slendinga ßsamt upplřsingum um lßtna ═slendinga sem byggja mß ß eldri g÷gnum og lÝfsřnas÷fnum.

Hßtt menntunarstig hefur leitt til fram■rˇunar og nřsk÷punar ß fleiri svi­um en Ý erf­afrŠ­i. ┴ undanf÷rnum ßrum hafa Ýslensk fyrirtŠki hasla­ sÚr v÷ll Ý řmiss konar hßtŠknii­na­i. DŠmi um slÝk fyrirtŠki eru hugb˙na­arframlei­endur, og fyrirtŠki sem framlei­a hßtŠknib˙na­ til nota Ý sjßvar˙tvegi.

High Educational Levels

Educational levels in Iceland are relatively high. Approximately 50% of students in each annual class complete the final examinations and 16% of Icelanders between the ages of 25-64 have completed university examinations. An additional 16% have completed a specialized course at university level.

In recent years, knowledge and research has increasingly formed the basis of the nation's capital gain. Instead of relying almost exclusively on natural resources, such as the generous fishing grounds and plentiful power which can be produced from geothermal and hydro-electric energy, Icelanders are now directing their attention to the new opportunities in biotechnology, software, computer processing, and pharmaceuticals.

The best-known and most controversial example of this kind of knowledge-based industry is the enterprise deCode Genetics ("Islensk erf­agreining"). It undertakes genetic research and the search and analysis of diseased genes in association with foreign investors. With regard to the research in genetics, the hope is to develop new medicine and methods in the treatment and prevention of hereditary illnesses. DeCode has been given an exclusive right to build a large centralized data base which will gather the medical histories of all Icelanders together with the information about deceased Icelanders based on older data and DNA collections.

High educational levels have lead to evolutions and innovations in more areas than genetics. In recent years, Icelandic enterprises have made a niche for themselves in various kinds of hi-tech industry. An example of such enterprise is in the production of software and enterprises which produce software for use in the fishing industry.

Previous Previous section

Next section Next




Go up to Top of Page