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Icelandic Online Dictionary and Readings

Carry On Icelandic: Culture [selections] (2004)

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Menning og listir - Arts and Culture

Menning og listir

Bˇkmenning hefur veri­ rÝkjandi Ý Ýslensku menningarlÝfi frß upphafi ritaldar en a­rar listgreinar eru fremur ungar. Frß fornu fari h÷f­u Ýslenskar konur stunda­ listvefna­ og listsaum og skapa­ m÷rg listaverk Ý ßbrei­ur og teppi og Ýslenskir karlmenn skßru Ý trÚ og bein og l÷g­u stund ß silfursmÝ­i. En ■a­ er ekki fyrr en ß tuttugustu ÷ld sem allar listgreinar fara a­ blˇmstra, sÚrstaklega myndlist.

Black and white photograph

Ůjˇ­leikh˙si­ (The National Theatre House).

Myndlist kom fyrst fram ß sjˇnarsvi­i­ fyrir alv÷ru um aldamˇtin 1900 er Ýslenskir listamenn hÚldu ˙t Ý heim til a­ nema ■essa listgrein. ═slensk myndlist hefur fylgt meginstraumum beggja vegna Atlantshafsins en um lei­ ■rˇa­ ■jˇ­leg einkenni.

Mikill vaxtarbroddur er einnig innan annarra listgreina, s.s. leiklistar, h÷ggmyndalistar, kvikmyndager­ar og tˇnlistar. LeikfÚlag ReykjavÝkur hefur starfa­ frß 1897. Ůa­ haf­i a­setur Ý I­nˇ ■ar til ■a­ flutti Ý Borgarleikh˙si­ 1989. Hi­ Ýslenska rÝkisleikh˙s, Ůjˇ­leikh˙si­, var vÝgt 1950. Tˇnlistarskˇli var stofna­ur 1930 og 1950 hˇf SinfˇnÝuhljˇmsveit ═slands starfsemi sÝna Ý samstarfi vi­ RÝkis˙tvarpi­ og Ůjˇ­leikh˙si­. ═slenski dansflokkurinn, ˇperan og fj÷ldi minni hˇpa setur svip sinn ß menningarlÝfi­.

Ůß er mj÷g blˇmlegt menningarlÝf me­al ßhugafˇlks ßberandi ß ═slandi. ┴hugaleikhˇpar starfa um allt land, s÷mulei­is alls kyns kˇrar og s÷nghˇpar.

Arts and Culture

From the beginnings of the writing age, literature has been a dominant force in Icelandic cultural life while the other branches of art are somewhat younger. Since the earliest times, Icelandic women undertook decorative weaving and embroidery and created many works of art with blankets and covers, and Icelandic men carved on wood and bone and pursued silver work. But it is not until the twentieth-century that all art forms began to bloom, particularly painting.

Painting first came into the public gaze in earnest during the turn of the last century, when Icelandic artists ventured into the greater world to study that branch of art. Whilst Icelandic painting has been influenced by mainstreams on both sides of the Atlantic, it has at the same time developed distinctive national characteristics.

Significant growth also came in other art forms, such as theatre, sculpture, cinema, and music. The ReykjavÝk Theatre Company has been operating since 1897: it was resident at I­nˇ until it moved to Borgarleikh˙si­ in 1989. The Icelandic state theatre, The National Theatre House, was opened in 1950. The College of Music was established in 1930 and in 1950 The Icelandic Symphony Orchestra began performances, in collaboration with the National Broadcasting Service and the National Theatre of Iceland. The Icelandic Ballet Company, Opera, and many other smaller groups have made their mark on cultural life.

Also, the blooming cultural life amongst amateur performers in Iceland is striking. There are amateur theatre groups throughout the county and all kinds of choirs and musical groups.

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