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Icelandic Online Dictionary and Readings

Carry On Icelandic: Culture [selections] (2004)

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sland, eyja Atlantshafi - Iceland, an Island in the Atlantic

sland, eyja Atlantshafi

sland er nnur strsta eyjan Evrpu og s rija strsta Atlantshafi, 103.000 km2 a str, mija vegu milli New York og Moskvu.

Landi liggur mtum heitra og kaldra hafstrauma auk ess sem heitt og kalt loft mtist gjarnan grennd vi sland. etta gerir a a verkum a landi er vikvmt fyrir loftslagsbreytingum.

egar hafs fr Grnlandi er ti fyrir landinu, ea vi strendur ess, klnar ri. sinn nr ekki strndum slands venjulegu rferi en svoklluum hafsrum getur hann borist a Norvestur-, Norur- og Austurlandi.

Color photograph

ingvellir, fyrsti ingstaur allra slendinga (ingvellir ,the site of Iceland's first national parliament).

Sumur eru svl og vetur mildir. Mealhiti Reykjavk janar er um a bil 0,5C og 10,6C jl. noranveru landinu er mun kaldara og oft snjar ar miki veturna.

Vegna norlgrar legu landsins er bjart allan slarhringinn tvo til rj mnui ri a sumri til. vorin og haustin eru kvldin bjrt og lng. Fr mijum nvember til loka janar er aftur mti mjg dimmt og dagsbirtu ntur ekki nema rj til fjra tma dag.

slendingar tala miki um veri enda getur a veri i breytilegt, jafnvel kemur fyrir a snji um hsumari. slensk tunga er auug af orum yfir veurfar, ekki hva sst yfir snj og snjkomu:

Nokkur or um snj og snjkomu

snjr, snr, hjarn, mjll, fnn, lausamjll, nsnvi, krap,

snjkoma, bylur, drfa, l, fannkoma, fjk, hraglandi, hr, kafald, kf, ofanbylur, skafrenningur, snjmugga, hundslappadrfa.

Iceland, an Island in the Atlantic

Iceland is the second largest island in Europe and the third largest in the Atlantic, 103 km2 in size, half way between New York and Moscow.

The country lies at the meeting place of hot and cold currents, as well as hot and cold air that meet regularly around Iceland. This makes the country susceptible to climate changes.

When pack ice from Greenland is out to sea, or by the beaches, it will be a cold year.

The ice does not come near Iceland's shores in a normal year, but during so-called "ice-pack years" it can be carried to the north western, northern, and eastern parts of the country.

Summers are cool and winters mild. The average temperature in Reykjavk in January is approximately 0,5C and 10,6C in July. On the northern side of the country it is normally colder and it often snows heavily there during the winter.

Because of the northerly latitude of the country, it is light day and night for two to three months a year, in summer. In the spring and the autumn, the evenings are light and long. On the other hand, from the middle of November to the end of January, it is very dark --- there is no daylight but for three to four hours in the daytime.

Icelanders talk a lot about the weather, as it can be rather variable; it can even snow during high summer. The Icelandic language is rich with words concerning weather conditions, not least of all about snow and snowfall.

A Few Words About Snow and Snowfall

snjr: snow; snr: snow; hjarn: crust of snow or snow that does not melt in summer; mjll and nsnvi: new-fallen snow; fnn: drifted heap of snow, snow-wreath, also snow that does not melt in summer; lausamjll: powder snow; krap: slush

snjkoma and fannkoma: snowfall; kafald: thick fall of snow; bylur and hr: snowstorm; drfa: snow-drift; l: a sudden fall of snow or hailstorm, or hail; fjk: drift, drifting snow-storm; hraglandi: sleet, cold drizzling shower; kf: thick fall of snow; ofanbylur: snowfall in a wind; skafrenningur: drifting snow; snjmugga: a small snowfall; hundslappadrfa: very heavy snowfall in calm weather, large snowflakes.

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